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Chapter 1

Chapter 1



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Published by glenn0104

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: glenn0104 on Feb 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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CHAPTER 1The Problem and Its BackgroundIntroduction
The school plays a significant role in the development of a pupil’s well-rounded personality. Its principal role is the total development of each individual pupil into auseful and worthy citizen in this complex society.Gregorio stated in his Principles and Methods of Teaching, that “the mostcommon factors which affect the learning process are the intellectual, physical,emotional, and social factors that may be found in the individual himself.”
He alsorevealed “learning is effective when the learner utilizes more senses. The combinationof seeing and hearing with touch, taste, and smell will facilitate the learning andunderstanding of the learning situation. The use of different senses will also addeffectiveness in causing learning to be meaningful and functional.”
 However, there are some factors in the school environment that intervene in theeffective use of the senses, thus affecting the learning process. Among these factors areair and noise pollution, the poor physical condition of the pupils, (poor eyesight,defective hearing, malnutrition, headache, and sleepiness) and the poor ventilation of the school facilities. Similarly, the teachers’ efficiency is conditioned by the state of their health and by environmental conditions.
Herman C. Gregorio,
Principles and Methods of Teaching,
(Quezon City:Garcia Publishing Co., 1976), 125-126.
Gregorio, 125-126.
Health, sanitation and environmental improvement should be geared to theneeds of the pupils or the community in general. Section 15 of Article II of the 1987Philippine Constitution states that “The State shall protect and promote the right tohealth of the people and instill health consciousness among them”
. In support of this provision, Section 16 of the same article declares “ The State shall protect and advancethe right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythmand harmony of nature.”
It is this mandate that strengthened the researcher’s interest to conduct a studyconcerning the environmental condition of the school where she teaches. The researcher has been teaching in Balumbato Elementary School in Quezon City for nine years. Shehas observed that the environmental condition within the vicinity of the school seemsnot to be conducive to learning. She believes that the success of a school system can befacilitated by a clean and safe environment where effective learning can take place.Hence, the school as an agency in the community has the responsibility in improving itsenvironmental condition.
Setting of the Study
Balumbato is one of the barangays of District II in Quezon City. Historically,Balumbato was a part of Barangay Unang Sigaw or Balintawak. Due to its increasing population, a petition for the separation of Balumbato from Balintawak was made bythe barangay folks. Their petition was granted by virtue of Presidential Decree 1316.
1987 Philippine Constitution
1987 Philippine Constitution

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