CHAPTER 1The Problem and Its BackgroundIntroduction
The school plays a significant role in the development of a pupil’s well-rounded personality. Its principal role is the total development of each individual pupil into auseful and worthy citizen in this complex society.Gregorio stated in his Principles and Methods of Teaching, that “the mostcommon factors which affect the learning process are the intellectual, physical,emotional, and social factors that may be found in the individual himself.”
He alsorevealed “learning is effective when the learner utilizes more senses. The combinationof seeing and hearing with touch, taste, and smell will facilitate the learning andunderstanding of the learning situation. The use of different senses will also addeffectiveness in causing learning to be meaningful and functional.”
However, there are some factors in the school environment that intervene in theeffective use of the senses, thus affecting the learning process. Among these factors areair and noise pollution, the poor physical condition of the pupils, (poor eyesight,defective hearing, malnutrition, headache, and sleepiness) and the poor ventilation of the school facilities. Similarly, the teachers’ efficiency is conditioned by the state of their health and by environmental conditions.
Herman C. Gregorio,
Principles and Methods of Teaching,
(Quezon City:Garcia Publishing Co., 1976), 125-126.