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to lie, tell a lie, tell a lie with, deceive
to disappoint, fail
This root and its derivatives occur forty-nine times in the Old Testament. The basic meaningis to speak that which is untrue and therefore false to reality. It is often used in connection
with shāw’ “vanity, emptiness.” In distinction from words translated “deceive, lie,” etc.,kāzab stresses the actual act of lying. The cognate is fou
nd in Aramaic, Arabic, and Akkadian.Fundamental to the concepts of truth and falsehood in the Old Testament is theunderstanding that the God of Israel does not lie (Num 23:19; Ps 89:35 [H 36]). He is faithfulto all that he has said and expects his followers to do the same. This is why false witness wassuch a serious offense (Prov 6:19; 19:5, etc.). Not only was a person denying the truth, buthe was calling the God of Truth to be a witness to his crime.God is not a man that he should lie, yet the heathen god does through pure deception and trickery.The question then must be asked, where does this god (allah) of the heathens derive?The word allah derives from the word allon which means oak, a tree god. Allah was and is a tree godwho was also represented as the crescent moon. In ancient times the moon god numbered the seasons(Gen 1:14, Ps 104:19), and many also worshipped it, including Israel.
The great brilliance of the moon in Eastern countries led to its being early an object of idolatrousworship (Deu_4:19; Deu_17:3; Job_31:26), a form of idolatry against which the Jews were warned(Deu_4:19; Deu_17:3). They, however, fell into this idolatry, and offered incense (2Ki_23:5;Jer_8:2), and also cakes of honey, to the moon (Jer_7:18; Jer_44:17-19, Jer_44:25).
moon (yareach; meaning obscure--probably "wanderer"; by some given as "paleness"; selene):The moon was very early worshipped by the nations of the Far East as a divinity or therepresentative of one or more deities. These deities were both masculine and feminine. In Assyriaand Babylonia the most common name for the moon-god was Sin or Sen. In Babylonia he was alsocalled Aku and Nannara. In Egypt the moon was representative of several deities, all masculine.The chief of these was Thoth the god of knowledge, so called because the moon was the measurerof time. Babylonia has, also, Aa, the goddess of the moon, as the consort of the sun, while herequivalent was known in Phoenicia as Ashtaroth-karnaim. This personification and worship of themoon among the nations who were neighbors to Palestine was but part of an elaborate Nature-worship found among these people. Nor was this worship always separated from Palestine bygeographical lines. It crept into the thought and customs of the Hebrews and in a sense affectedtheir religious conceptions and ceremonies. They fell into the habit of making direct homage tosun, moon and stars, as is evidenced by Job 31:26; Job 31:27; Jer 44:17, and even Isa 8:18 (seeCRESCENTS). Moses seems to have forewarned his people against the danger of this form of worship (De 4:19).