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the necropolis of dashur

the necropolis of dashur

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the necropolis of dashur
the necropolis of dashur

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Published by: Zulema Barahona Mendieta on Jan 07, 2013
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The Necropolis of DahshurEighth Excavation Report Autumn 2010 and Spring 2011German Archaeological Institute/Free University of Berlin
 Nicole Alexanian, Dirk Blaschta, Andrea Kahlbacher, Andreas Nerlich, Stephan JohannesSeidlmayer 
AbstractIntroductionTest excavation in the so-called workmen's settlement south-west of the Red Pyramid of SnefruDating the lower causeway, the transportation road, and the sand deposits in the wadi of theBent PyramidReliefs from the lower temple of the Bent PyramidBurial equipment from the cemetery of the Middle Kingdom west of the pyramid of Amenemhat IIAnalysis of the human remains
In autumn 2010 and spring 2011 the work of the German Archaeological Institute, Cairo and theFree University of Berlin at Dahshur was continued. A small test excavation was undertaken in theso-called workmen's village south of the Red Pyramid. Further research was done on the lower causeway of the Bent Pyramid. A detailed study of the pottery resulted in the dating of the two building phases within the Old Kingdom. The sand in the wadi of the Bent Pyramid graduallyaccumulated starting already in the Old Kingdom and continuing until the New Kingdom. NewKingdom pottery within a limestone sledgeway allows to fix the date of the dismanteling of thelower temple of the Bent Pyramid to the late 18
Dynasty or to the Ramesside Period. Threerecently discovered relief fragments from the lower temple of the Bent Pyramid are discussed andoffer additional information to the understanding of the decoration of the lower temple of the BentPyramid.
The work of the team of the German Archaeological Institute (Cairo) and the Free University of 1
Berlin at Dahshur 
was continued from September, 27
until November, 18
2010 and from March,6
until April, 27
and 24
until 26
May 2011
Test excavation in the so-called workmen's settlement south-west of the Red Pyramid of Snefru
A limited test excavation was carried out in the so-called workmen's settlement south-west of theRed Pyramid. The structures were first documented by the Royal Prussian Expedition to Egypt in1842
.A small scale excavation to the west of the modern street connecting the Red Pyramid andthe Bent Pyramid had been executed by the German Archaeological Institute already in 1992
.Several rooms defined by walls from rough limestone blocks were cleaned and a lot of pottery fromthe early 4
Dynasty as well as animal bones and charcoal were then discovered.A small test excavation to the east of the modern street was opened in order to check whichkind of information can be retrived through advanced excavation techniques and to identifyappropriate methodology. Actually, a great many questions relating to this building complex stillneed to be answered. Apart from the general layout of the building, its history and function are stillnot at all clear. The sondage trench was situated to the east of the modern street connecting the RedPyramid and the Bent Pyramid and had a north-south orientation. It was 25m long (north - south)and 1m wide (east-west) (Pl. 1), divided into 25 1x1 m squares. All material removed was put
1For earlier reports see N. Alexanian, S.J. Seidlmayer, „Die Residenznekropole von Dahschur, Erster Grabungsbericht“,
58 (2002) 1-28; N. Alexanian, S.J. Seidlmayer, „Survey and Excavations at Dahshur“,
 Egyptian Archaeology
20 (2002) 3-4; N. Alexanian, S. J. Seidlmayer, „Die Nekropole von Dahschur.Forschungsgeschichte und Perspektiven“, in: M. Bárta, J. Krejci (eds.),
 Abusir and Saqqarah in the Year 2000, Archiv Orientalni Supplement 
IX (Prague, 2000) 283-304; N. Alexanian, H. Becker, M. Müller, S.J. Seidlmayer,„Die Residenznekropole von Dahschur. Zweiter Grabungsbericht“,
62 (2006) 7-41; N. Alexanian, R.Schiestl, S.J. Seidlmayer, “The Necropolis of Dahshur. Excavation Report Spring 2006”,
83 (2009) 25-41; six preliminary reports on seven previous excavation seasons (spring 2002, autumn 2003, spring 2007, spring 2008,spring 2009, autumn 2009 and spring 2010) are in print fo
 N. Alexanian
“Die Gestaltung der Pyramidenanlagen des Snofru in Dahschur/Ägypten, in:
Sanktuar und Ritual - Heilige Plätze im archäologischen Befund. Ein Zwischenbericht aus der Clusterforschung des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 2006-2009,
in print; N. Alexanian, W. Bebermeier, D. Blaschta, “The Discovery of the Lower Causeway of the Bent Pyramid and theReconstruction of the Ancient Landscape at Dahshur (Egypt)”, in:
, in print; N. Alexanian, W. Bebermeier, D.Blaschta, A. Ramisch, B. Schütt, S. Seidlmayer, “Reconstruction of the Ancient Landscape of Dahshur”, in:
 Die Erde
, in print.2The work is funded by the German Archaeological Institute (Cairo) and the German Research Foundation. Theauthors thank these institutions for their support. We are grateful for the support of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, represented by the inspectors Mohammed Omar Abd el-Tawab, Haeny Abdallah el-Tahib (autumn 2010)and Adel Atiya Abd el-Wahid and Mohammed Saber Mohammed el-Dialy (spring 2011), the directors of Dahshur  Nasr Ramadan and Mohammed Youssef and the directors of Saqqarah Osama Shimy and Kamel Wahid and theMinister of Antiquities Dr Zahi Hawass for their support. We also wish to thank all team members for their work.Members of the mission in autumn 2010 were Nicole Alexanian, Dirk Blaschta, Audrey Eller, Tim Eggert, TobiasGutmann, Diana Härtrich, Andrea Kahlbacher, Silvia Lenz, Andreas Nerlich, Josuah Pinke, Nicole Richter,Katharina Schröder, Stephan J. Seidlmayer and Peter Windszus. The members of the mission in spring 2011 were Nicole Alexanian, Dirk Blaschta, Pieter Collet, Martin Mayrhofer, Sandra Müller, Andrea Kahlbacher, Josuah Pinke,Stephan J. Seidlmayer.3C.R. Lepsius,
 Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien
I (Leipzig 1897) Blatt 35.4Stadelmann et al., “Pyramiden und Nekropole des Snofru in Dahschur. Dritter Vorbericht über die Grabungen desDeutschen Archäologischen Instituts in Dahschur”,
49 (1993) 291-294; id., “Die Friedhöfe des Alten undMittleren Reiches in Dahschur”,
54 (1998) 306-309.
through a sieve and checked carefully for plant remains, chips of silex etc.. A wall built from localrough limestone blocks, sandstones and
and an original floor from greyish mud wereuncovered. Here a great quantity of pottery, bones and charcoal was found. It seems that the wallsnot just collapsed after the structure was no longer used, but were deliberately flattened. In an oldconstruction trench an ovoid storage jar from the Early Old Kingdom with a hieratic inscription wasdiscovered (Pl. 2).The results of this test excavation inspire optimism that in the future questions relating to thestructure, use and history of the building and the role it played in the context of the hugeconstruction site of the Red Pyramid can be answered
Pl. 1: Excavation trench in the so-calledworkmen's village to the south of the RedPyramid at Dahshur (DAIKairo, D. Härtrich)Pl. 2: Ovoid jar from the Early OldKingdom with hieratic inscription fromthe so-called workmen's village(DAIKairo, P. Windszus)

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