The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) set the minimum requirements – both scopingand technical – or newly designed and constructed or altered state and local government acilities, public accommodations, and commercial acilities to be readily accessible toand usable by individuals with disabilities. This means in restroom design some o eachtype o xture or eature – as well as the installation location – must meet accessibilityrequirements contained in the
2010 ADA Standards or Accessible Design
. In addition,many projects must also ollow the provisions o the 2009 revision o
ICC A117.1,Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities
(produced by the American NationalStandards Institute or ANSI).The inormation contained herein is o an advisory nature only and represents BobrickWashroom Equipment, Inc.’s interpretation o the
2010 ADA Standards or Accessible Design
(reerred to as, 2010 ADA Standards) and the
ICC A117.1, Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities
(reerred to as 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards).
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In addition, all building plans should be reviewed by local jurisdictions to ensurecompliance. This Planning Guide does not reer to the International Plumbing Code, theInternational Residential Code, International Building Code, or any other model code or statebuilding code. Dierences may be present and need to be thoroughly researched.Bobrick has prepared this Planning Guide or use by planners, architects, designers,speciers, building owners and acilities/property managers. In addition, Bobrick’sArchitectural Representatives are available to assist with the application o appropriateproduct specications and installation criteria.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a ederal civil rights law that prohibitsdiscrimination against people with disabilities by ensuring equal access to goods andservices. It recognizes inaccessible acilities as a orm o discrimination, since these acilitiescan prohibit participation by people with disabilities. The regulations or implementing theADA include both scoping and technical specications or new or altered State and localgovernment acilities, public accommodations and commercial acilities to be accessible toand usable by individuals with disabilities. Originally known as ADA Accessibility Guidelinesor Buildings and Facilities (ADAAG) in 1991, the 2010 ADA Standards are the latest in aseries o Guidelines and Standards that have been issued by the United States Access Board(the Access Board) and adopted by the Department o Justice to enorce the ADA. The lawapplies to most buildings and acility types nationwide regardless o state or local coderequirements, but it is not a building code. Facilities that are newly constructed or altered onor ater March 15, 2012 must comply with the 2010 ADA Standards.Authority has been let with each state and local government to adopt and enorce itsown building codes, but the oce o the U.S. Assistant Attorney General or Civil Rights hasthe authority under the ADA to certiy that a state or local building code meets or exceedsthe minimum requirements o ADA, and such certication o equivalency can be used asrebuttable evidence in any subsequent litigation. For public accommodations and commercialacilities, the ADA Standards, or a state or local building code that has been certied asequivalent to the ADA Standards by the Assistant Attorney General, must be used.Nothing in the 2010 ADA Standard requirements prevents the use o designs, products,or technologies as alternatives to those prescribed, provided they result in substantiallyequivalent or greater accessibility and usability. This is reerred to as equivalent acilitationand is the covered entities’ responsibility to demonstrate equivalent acilitation in theevent o a challenge. It is also important to note there is no process or certiying that analternative design provides equivalent acilitation.Because the 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards will soon be adopted by many states and localjurisdictions, there will be signicant jurisdictional overlap with the 2010 ADA Standardsor many projects. The 2010 ADA standards and the 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards are similar;however, there are some dierences in the scope o their requirements and in technicalspecications. Thereore, it is imperative that all relevant standards be used in conjunctionwith this Planning Guide to ensure compliance with both accessibility standards. The primarydimensions in this Guide are taken rom the 2010 ADA Standards. However, because the2009 ICC/ANSI Standards will requently be the accessibility standard that is incorporatedinto or reerred to by local/state building codes, the 2009 ICC/ANSI Standard’s dimensionsare also shown where they deviate or where complying with the 2010 ADA Standards wouldnot accomplish the same outcome. When working on projects with both ANSI and ADAjurisdiction, the more stringent o the two standards should be ollowed. While substantiallysimilar or restrooms, we have noted throughout the document where dierences occur. Forpurposes o simplicity and readability, we reer primarily to the 2010 ADA Standards in thetext and in the Figures.Accessibility standards contain many prescriptive dimensional or scoping requirementsthat are legal, design, or construction minimums. Where requirements allow, it is goodpractice to avoid designing and building to the minimums o the dimensional specications inaccessibility standards. Doing so places the design, construction and ownership team at risko non-compliance. In general, accessibility tolerances can be much narrower than tolerancesound in common practice. (We recommend a thorough review o the 2010 ADA Standards:104.1.1 Construction and Manuacturing Tolerances and the related Advisory). Note that someitems are listed as absolutes, and other dimensions are listed as ranges. For example, i 1-½inches was an absolute requirement, avoid speciying 1-½ inches plus or minus “X” inches.
Public restrooms are one o the most critical building amenities because they need to beresponsive to a wide range o human needs and abilities.The needs o a person using a wheelchair and the space the wheelchairs requireare used as a primary source o design inormation or accessible restrooms in terms oamount o space and paths o travel. The xed nature o the equipment imposes nitespace requirements and limits reach ranges o users. The number o individuals who usewheelchairs has grown considerably in recent years, as has the variety o wheelchair typesand sizes. The trend has been dwared by the growth in the number and variety o peoplewho use scooters, which have dierent sizes and use parameters. Scooters can be largerand need even more space to maneuver. The accessibility standards have not refected thesetrends. Designers should provide extra space that mobility equipment devices require, andnot rely on minimum standards.The 2010 ADA Standards require the provision o ambulatory accessible toilet compartments to support the needs o individuals who are ambulatory and may requirethe use o a cane, walker or crutches. Mounting locations and the proximity o equipment are important or people who use wheelchairs and who may have limited reach range. Thedesign standards refect these users’ needs in the mounting heights or common accessories,such as mirrors, paper towel dispensers, waste receptacles, soap dispensers, napkin/tamponvendors, and toilet partition-mounted equipment, including grab bars, toilet tissue, and seat-cover dispensers, and sanitary napkin disposals.While the 2010 ADA Standards are principally intended to benet people withdisabilities, experience has shown that environments built with accessible and universaldesign eatures oten benet a wide range o users, including:
recovering rom surgery
canes and walkersAlso important are the sensory aspects o a person’s abilities that include peoplewith visual impairments such as low vision and or those who are blind as well as individualswho are hard o hearing or dea. Designing restrooms to avoid protruding objects andproviding strobe lights on the ire alarm system are examples that support saety or userswith sensory disabilities.