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ADA Planning Guide for Accessible Restrooms

ADA Planning Guide for Accessible Restrooms

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The best guide available to help architects, designers, builders, planners and property managers deal with Americans with Disabilities Act guidelines and regulations. The go-to industry resource and its free!
The best guide available to help architects, designers, builders, planners and property managers deal with Americans with Disabilities Act guidelines and regulations. The go-to industry resource and its free!

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Published by: Portia Reddy on Jan 07, 2013
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The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) set the minimum requirements – both scopingand technical – or newly designed and constructed or altered state and local government acilities, public accommodations, and commercial acilities to be readily accessible toand usable by individuals with disabilities. This means in restroom design some o eachtype o xture or eature – as well as the installation location – must meet accessibilityrequirements contained in the
2010 ADA Standards or Accessible Design 
. In addition,many projects must also ollow the provisions o the 2009 revision o
ICC A117.1,Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities 
(produced by the American NationalStandards Institute or ANSI).The inormation contained herein is o an advisory nature only and represents BobrickWashroom Equipment, Inc.’s interpretation o the
2010 ADA Standards or Accessible Design 
 (reerred to as, 2010 ADA Standards) and the
ICC A117.1, Accessible and Usable Buildingand Facilities 
(reerred to as 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards).
Us f ts cumt s t susttut f t stuy  ust f t tw ccssty sts tt fc.
In addition, all building plans should be reviewed by local jurisdictions to ensurecompliance. This Planning Guide does not reer to the International Plumbing Code, theInternational Residential Code, International Building Code, or any other model code or statebuilding code. Dierences may be present and need to be thoroughly researched.Bobrick has prepared this Planning Guide or use by planners, architects, designers,speciers, building owners and acilities/property managers. In addition, Bobrick’sArchitectural Representatives are available to assist with the application o appropriateproduct specications and installation criteria.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a ederal civil rights law that prohibitsdiscrimination against people with disabilities by ensuring equal access to goods andservices. It recognizes inaccessible acilities as a orm o discrimination, since these acilitiescan prohibit participation by people with disabilities. The regulations or implementing theADA include both scoping and technical specications or new or altered State and localgovernment acilities, public accommodations and commercial acilities to be accessible toand usable by individuals with disabilities. Originally known as ADA Accessibility Guidelinesor Buildings and Facilities (ADAAG) in 1991, the 2010 ADA Standards are the latest in aseries o Guidelines and Standards that have been issued by the United States Access Board(the Access Board) and adopted by the Department o Justice to enorce the ADA. The lawapplies to most buildings and acility types nationwide regardless o state or local coderequirements, but it is not a building code. Facilities that are newly constructed or altered onor ater March 15, 2012 must comply with the 2010 ADA Standards.Authority has been let with each state and local government to adopt and enorce itsown building codes, but the oce o the U.S. Assistant Attorney General or Civil Rights hasthe authority under the ADA to certiy that a state or local building code meets or exceedsthe minimum requirements o ADA, and such certication o equivalency can be used asrebuttable evidence in any subsequent litigation. For public accommodations and commercialacilities, the ADA Standards, or a state or local building code that has been certied asequivalent to the ADA Standards by the Assistant Attorney General, must be used.Nothing in the 2010 ADA Standard requirements prevents the use o designs, products,or technologies as alternatives to those prescribed, provided they result in substantiallyequivalent or greater accessibility and usability. This is reerred to as equivalent acilitationand is the covered entities’ responsibility to demonstrate equivalent acilitation in theevent o a challenge. It is also important to note there is no process or certiying that analternative design provides equivalent acilitation.Because the 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards will soon be adopted by many states and localjurisdictions, there will be signicant jurisdictional overlap with the 2010 ADA Standardsor many projects. The 2010 ADA standards and the 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards are similar;however, there are some dierences in the scope o their requirements and in technicalspecications. Thereore, it is imperative that all relevant standards be used in conjunctionwith this Planning Guide to ensure compliance with both accessibility standards. The primarydimensions in this Guide are taken rom the 2010 ADA Standards. However, because the2009 ICC/ANSI Standards will requently be the accessibility standard that is incorporatedinto or reerred to by local/state building codes, the 2009 ICC/ANSI Standard’s dimensionsare also shown where they deviate or where complying with the 2010 ADA Standards wouldnot accomplish the same outcome. When working on projects with both ANSI and ADAjurisdiction, the more stringent o the two standards should be ollowed. While substantiallysimilar or restrooms, we have noted throughout the document where dierences occur. Forpurposes o simplicity and readability, we reer primarily to the 2010 ADA Standards in thetext and in the Figures.Accessibility standards contain many prescriptive dimensional or scoping requirementsthat are legal, design, or construction minimums. Where requirements allow, it is goodpractice to avoid designing and building to the minimums o the dimensional specications inaccessibility standards. Doing so places the design, construction and ownership team at risko non-compliance. In general, accessibility tolerances can be much narrower than tolerancesound in common practice. (We recommend a thorough review o the 2010 ADA Standards:104.1.1 Construction and Manuacturing Tolerances and the related Advisory). Note that someitems are listed as absolutes, and other dimensions are listed as ranges. For example, i 1-½inches was an absolute requirement, avoid speciying 1-½ inches plus or minus “X” inches.
Public restrooms are one o the most critical building amenities because they need to beresponsive to a wide range o human needs and abilities.The needs o a person using a wheelchair and the space the wheelchairs requireare used as a primary source o design inormation or accessible restrooms in terms oamount o space and paths o travel. The xed nature o the equipment imposes nitespace requirements and limits reach ranges o users. The number o individuals who usewheelchairs has grown considerably in recent years, as has the variety o wheelchair typesand sizes. The trend has been dwared by the growth in the number and variety o peoplewho use scooters, which have dierent sizes and use parameters. Scooters can be largerand need even more space to maneuver. The accessibility standards have not refected thesetrends. Designers should provide extra space that mobility equipment devices require, andnot rely on minimum standards.The 2010 ADA Standards require the provision o ambulatory accessible toilet compartments to support the needs o individuals who are ambulatory and may requirethe use o a cane, walker or crutches. Mounting locations and the proximity o equipment are important or people who use wheelchairs and who may have limited reach range. Thedesign standards refect these users’ needs in the mounting heights or common accessories,such as mirrors, paper towel dispensers, waste receptacles, soap dispensers, napkin/tamponvendors, and toilet partition-mounted equipment, including grab bars, toilet tissue, and seat-cover dispensers, and sanitary napkin disposals.While the 2010 ADA Standards are principally intended to benet people withdisabilities, experience has shown that environments built with accessible and universaldesign eatures oten benet a wide range o users, including:
recovering rom surgery
canes and walkersAlso important are the sensory aspects o a person’s abilities that include peoplewith visual impairments such as low vision and or those who are blind as well as individualswho are hard o hearing or dea. Designing restrooms to avoid protruding objects andproviding strobe lights on the ire alarm system are examples that support saety or userswith sensory disabilities.
Oten overlooked in these considerations are the amily, companions, or caregivers whomay accompany an individual who expects and relies on accessibility eatures in restrooms.One trend that recognizes the need or assistance or many restroom users is the increasedpresence o amily restrooms. These restrooms will accommodate diaper changing and childrenand older individuals who need assistance, particularly rom opposite gender caregivers.
 The STandardS deSignaTe Clear Floor SpaCe
to accommodate a singlewheelchair o at least 30 inches by 48 inches (760 by 1220mm). The space can be positionedor a orward or parallel approach to restroom elements. A portion o the clear loor spacemay be located under ixtures, lavatories, or accessories as long as the required knee and toeclearance is provided (Fig. 14 and many others). I properly centered in ront o controls andoperating mechanisms, the clear loor space will allow both let- and right-hand access.
reaCh rangeS and MoUnTing heighTS
or restroom accessories may varywithin a acility depending on the location o individual accessories and the direction o reachrequired or their use. To allow use by people with limited reach range, it is required that accessories be mounted with their “operable parts” – dispensing mechanisms, start buttons,coin slots, or dispenser openings – located no more than 48 inches (1220mm) above the inishloor (Fig. 1a.). Where accessories are mounted over obstructions such as counters, dependingon the nature and depth o the obstruction it is required that they be located between 44inches and 48 inches (1120 and 1220mm) maximum above the inish loor. The operableportions o any accessory should be mounted no lower than 15 inches (380mm) above theloor. However, the 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards limit the operable portions o dispensers in toilet compartments to no lower than 18 inches (455mm). When determining the mounting locationo restroom accessories, make sure to account or side and orward approaches.
The 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards require that soap dispenser controls, and aucets,that serve certain accessible lavatories
need to be installed with a reach depth o 11inches (280mm) maximum. The need or enhanced reach ranges is, determined byscoping requirements.The 2009 ICC/ANSI Standards require altered installation heights and locationsor towel dispensers and hand dryers where reaching is obstructed, such as units mountedon perpendicular walls adjacent to accessible lavatories. The operable portions o theseelements may need to be installed as low as 34 inches (865mm) as shown in thetable below, depending on how ar back rom the ront edge o a lavatory or countera unit is mounted.
obSTrUCTed reaCh TUrning SpaCeS in reSTrooMS
may be either a 60 inch (1525mm) circularspace or a T-Shaped turning space within a 60 inch (1525mm) square minimum witharms and base minimum 36 inches (915mm) wide. The circular space allows a personusing a wheelchair to make a 180-degree or 360 degrees turn (Fig. 2a). The T-Shapedspace allows or a three-point-turn (Fig. 2b) and may be used to conserve
space in someinstallations. A portion o the 60 inches (1525mm) diameter or T-Shaped turning spacesmay be located under xtures, lavatories, or accessories as long as the required knee andtoe clearance is provided.
0.5 inches(13mm)2 inches(51mm)5 inches(125mm)6 inches(150mm)9 inches(230mm)11 inches(280mm)
48 inches(1220mm)46 inches(1170mm)42 inches(1065mm)40 inches(1015mm)36 inches(915mm)34 inches(865mm)
Fig. 1b
Mrror d Tolt Grb Br Motg hgts.
Fig. 1
Motg hgts for Rstroom assors.
Fig. 1a
uppr Rg of Motg hgts for Rstroom assors wt Oprbl Prts.
If mounted over counter or lavatory,40 inches max (1015mm) to bottom of reflective surface35 inches max (890mm) if not mounted over counteror lavatory C:
Depending on ageC:
Depending on age
Fig. 2
Wlr Trg Sps.
Fig. 2a
60  (1525mm) Dmtr Trg Sp.
60 min
60 min
Fig. 2b
T-Spd Trg Sp.
12 min
60 min
12 min
36 min
36 min
24 min
noTeS For all FigUreS in ThiS planning gUide
1. This edition o the Planning Guide or Accessible Restrooms has adopted the simple measurement notationor gures that is ound in the current standards. This notation eliminates the use o English and metric notation,substituting inch and millimeter dimensions with the inch always appearing over the millimeter inthis manner:2. In certain gures with whole restrooms, overall room dimensions are given in eet and inches with the metricdimension listed in centimeters (cm).3. Bobrick product reerences are provided or many restroom layout xtures. Not all gures and standards’reerences have a corresponding Bobrick product.4. Neither standard requires that grab bars be located with reerence to the center o the escutcheon. This PlanningGuide shows centerline dimension lines where appropriate or locating grab bars. Both standards locate horizontalgrab bars rom nish foor to top o gripping surace.

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