MAE244 Tensile Test and Impact Test Lab 3-1
and both are of vital importance in discussing the mechanics of deformable bodies. They arewhat are called local measures, i.e. they can be directly associated with a group of molecules,and this is why they were successful in combining the data from three different specimens ontoone curve.
If the material is linear elastic, then the slope of the stress-strain curve is a constant, i.e.
constant = E or
(1)E is called the Young's modulus of the material, and relation (1) is usually referred to as theuniaxial
.During the uniaxial tensile test, it is found that the specimen exhibits a lateral contraction.Further, for linear elastic materials there is a definite ratio between the lateral (
) andlongitudinal (
) strains, i.e.
constant = -
(2)The constant v is referred to as Poisson's ratio.Some typical values for E and v are given in Table 1.
Table 1. Typical values of Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio
Tungsten Carbide80 x 106500 x 1090.35Steel30 x 106200 x 1090.28Aluminum10 x 10670 x 1090.33Wood1 x 1067 x 109-Epoxy80 x 103600 x 1060.4Rubber4003 x 1060.5These are only representative values and a handbook on material properties should be consultedif an accurate value for a particular type of material is required. Material properties such as theseexist for advanced materials such as laminated composites, but the properties depend on thegeometry of the composite fibers and fiber and matrix materials.