Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
5.5 5.7 Elements & Periodic Tables

5.5 5.7 Elements & Periodic Tables

Ratings:

5.0

(2)
|Views: 78 |Likes:
Published by michael.delaney8541

More info:

Published by: michael.delaney8541 on Feb 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/10/2014

 
5.5 5.7
The Structure of an Atom
All matter is composed of tiny particles called atoms.Atoms are composed of subatomic particles. Thesesubatomic particles include:
 
electrons (- charge),
 
protons (+ charge), and
 
neutrons ( no charge).
Protons and neutrons are composed of quarks.
 
5.5 5.7
What you need to know about the periodic table:
 
Group
(column)
o
 
similar chem. properties
 
o
 
Roman numeral group = # of valence electrons
 
 
Period
(row)
o
 
each row represents an electron orbit / shell
 
 
Elements can be grouped using several
classificationsystems
:
 
o
 
Metals, non-metals, and metalloids.
 
o
 
Representative elements, transition elements,and inner transition elements.
 
o
 
Chemical Families (Groups):
 
 
Alkali metals
 
Alkaline earth metals,
 
Halogens, and
 
Noble gases.
 
H
is unique andbelongs in agroup by itself.
The Periodic Table
 
5.5 5.7
Drawing Bohr DiagramsThis type of diagram summarizes the numbers andpositions of subatomic particles in an atom.
Needed info:
 
Each orbital carries a maximum number of electrons.
ORBIT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Max # of electrons2 8 8 18 18 32 32
 
The
PERIOD
(horizontal row) represents the # of orbitssurrounding the nucleus.
 
The
GROUP NUMBER 
(vertical column) represents the# of valence electrons.
 
Number of protons, neutrons is represented by thechemical symbol, and number of electrons is the sameas the atomin.Examples:

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->