A material other than water, aggregates, or cement that is used as an ingredient of concrete or mortar to control setting and early hardening, workability, or to provide additionalcementing properties.
- Stone or gravel that was crushed and screened to various sizes for use in concrete,asphalt or road surfaces used in concrete repairs and new concrete placements.
- A device for maintaining plasticity and preventing segregation of mixed concrete byagitationAir
- The amount of air in mortar or concrete, exclusive of pore space in the aggregate particles, usually expressed as a percentage of total volume of mortar or concrete.
- A space in cement paste, mortar, or concrete filled with air; an entrapped air void ischaracteristically 1 mm or more in size and irregular in shape; an entrained air void is typically between 10 m and 1 mm in diameter and spherical (or nearly so).
- The capabilities of a material or process to develop a system of minute bubblesof air in cement paste, mortar, or concrete during mixing.
- An addition for hydraulic cement or an admixture for concrete or mortar which causes air, usually in small quantity, to be incorporated in the form of minute bubbles inthe concrete or mortar during mixing, usually to increase its workability and frost resistance.
– A cement that has an air-entraining agenda added during the grinding phase of manufacturing to assist concrete durability in cold environments
- The inclusion of air in the form of minute bubbles during the mixing of concrete or mortar.
- Chemical reaction in mortar or concrete between alkalis (sodiumand potassium) released from portland cement or from other sources, and certain compounds present in the aggregates; under certain conditions, harmful expansion of the concrete or mortar may be produced
- The reaction between the alkalies (sodium and potassium) in portland cement binder and certain carbonate rocks, particularly calcite dolomite and dolomiticlimestones, present in some aggregates; the products of the reaction may cause abnormalexpansion and cracking of concrete in service.
[ ASR ]- The reaction between the alkalies (sodium and potassium) in portland cement binder and certain siliceous rocks or minerals, such as opaline chert, strainedquartz, and acisic volcanic glass, present in some aggregates; the products of the reaction maycause abnormal expansion and cracking of concrete in service
- The total vertical distance the vibrating drum or plate is displaced from a resting or neutral position from the eccentric moment in the concrete industry.
Area of Steel
- The cross-sectional area of the reinforcing bars in or for a given concrete crosssection
- To fit together into a coherent whole; unify for concrete placement