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Rusia-PBB

Rusia-PBB

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Published by Hedia Ayuningrum

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Published by: Hedia Ayuningrum on Jan 08, 2013
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01/31/2014

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Rusia dan PBB
«Россия и Огранизация Объединенны Нации»
 
Peran Rusia di PBB :
Russia has constantly been in favor of a
strengthened UN role
in the multipolarsystem of international relations which is now taking shape.
Russia advocates strict observance of the exclusive rights
granted by the UNCharter to the UN SC as a main body responsible for maintaining internationalpeace and security.
As state of 
“Member
 
State”
of 
reforming of UN Security Council
.
Russia active in taking UN Peacekeeping action
: Russian helicopter groups havebeen deployed as part of the UN Missions in Sudan and Chad/CAR; training of peacekeepers for African countries on the premises of Russian training centers isunderway; Russia remains the leader on the market of the UN peacekeepingservices.
Taking an active role in the
Military Staff Committee (MSC).
Under
disarmament issues
the Russian delegation is planning again to submitdraft resolutions "Transparency and Confidence Building Measures in the OuterSpace Activities" and "Achievements in the Sphere of Information Tasks andTelecommunications in the Context of International Security"
 
Being a
UNESCO
Member State since 1954, Russia has contributed in everypossible way to strengthening the international role of the Organization.
Russia actively promotes further
development of the intercivilizational dialogue
 within the United Nations (
Alliance of Civilizations (AoC)
).
Russia active in the universalization of the
International
 
Convention for theSuppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism
.
Drug problem
 –
 
Russia contributes to fighting drug trafficking, throughmultilateral operation Channel, as well as the SCO, CSTO, RNC and OSCE anti-drug initiatives.
Russia support the UN efforts to increase the number of States Parties to the2003 UN Convention
against Corruption
(Russia has been a Party to theConvention since 2006).
Russia support Security Council resolutions to
suppress piracy.
 
Middle East settlement
 
 –
process on all tracks with a focus on the key role of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
Reconciliation in Afganishtan, Iraq and Georgia.
Russia remains convinced that the unilaterally proclaimed
independence (UPI)of Kosovo
was unlawful. The Security Council and the UN Interim AdministrationMission in Kosovo (UNMIK) should closely control the Kosovo processes.
 
The African Union
 –
Russia agree to approach to resolving conflict, involved inall the UN PKOs on the continent, through a bilateral basis and within theexisting international mechanisms, including the G-8.
The nuclear problem of the Korean Peninsula
and
Iran
through political anddiplomatic means (the six-party).
Russia considers in
protecting and promoting human rights.
Relevant
to protect the population from genocide, war crimes, ethniccleansings and crimes against humanity (
annual contribution amount USD twomillion
).
International humanitarian cooperation and the activities, including the
Officeof the UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Protection of children's rights
 
 –
Russia's ratification in 2008 of the OptionalProtocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The financial and economic situation
 –
 
Russia’s
contribution to the EurasianEconomic Community Anti-crisis fund will amount to US dollars 7.5 billion.

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