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Published by: Joenabie Andoy Encanto on Jan 08, 2013
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01/17/2014

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Michael Alvin C. LabendiaLIS 141Report 1 - Written Report
Medical Terms: Molecular Biology
 – 
Biochemistry
 – 
Cytology - Hematology
1.
Molecular biology
- It is the study of biologyon a molecular level including the structure,function, and makeup of biologically importantmolecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins.The field of molecular biology involves manyother areas of biology such as biochemistry andgenetics (www.MedicineNet.com).
Etymology:
Latin:
molecula
= small massGreek:
bios
= life;
logos
= science
Related Terms:
Genetic engineering; chemicalgenetics
Interesting Facts:
The term molecular biology first appeared in areport prepared for the Rockefeller Foundationin 1938 by Warren Weaver, then director of the
Foundation’s Natural Sciences
Division. Weavercoined the term to describe a research approachin which physics and chemistry would be usedto address fundamental biological problems(Tropp, 2012).Benefits: DNA fingerprinting analysis is used toidentify hereditary diseases in newborn babies. Itis also used in solving crimes.Famous Case: Anna Anderson claimed to beRussia's Grand Duchess Anastasia from the1920s until her death in 1984. DNAfingerprinting showed that her DNA did notmatch the patterns of living relatives of theRomanov royal family.
Suggested Resources:
National Center for Biotechnology Information(NCBI)
 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ 
 
NCBI is the number one resource for molecularbiologists. GenBank, and provides free BLASTand ENTREZ searches via e-mail, clientsoftware, or directly over the Web.Book:Bruce, A. (1994).
 Molecular biology of the cell,3
rd 
ed.
New York : Garland Publishing.2.
Biochemistry
- It is the field of scienceconcerned with chemical substances andprocesses that occur in plants, animals, andmicroorganisms. It involves the quantitativedetermination and structural analysis of theorganic compounds that make up cells (proteins,carbohydrates, and lipids) and of those that playkey roles in chemical reactions vital to life(www.merriam-webster.com).
Etymology:
Bio + ChemistryGreek:
bios
= lifeArabic:
al kimia
= art of transmutation
Related Terms:
Biological chemistry,molecular biology
Interesting Facts:
The four main classes of molecules inbiochemistry are the ff:
Carbohydrates
- breakdown of sugar into energy
 Lipids
- store energy membranes
Proteins
- regulate cell process to form bonesand muscles
 Nucleic acids
- store and transmit geneticsinformation
We often hear that breast milk is best for babies,but do we really understand the reasons why?
 Many of the body's systems that we take forgranted in adults are not yet fully functional innewborn babies. There are enzymes, which helpthe baby to digest the fats and proteins present inbreast milk. Antibodies, similar to those of themother, help protect the baby from infection.And the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acidsfound in breast milk assist in the development of the baby's brain.

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