Nutrition security is enabled and assured within an environment that encourages and motivates societyto make food choices consistent with short- and long-term good health. Nutrition policies andregulations must have an effect on the cost of producing healthy commodities; on how those costsrelate to final retail prices; on how responsive consumers are to price changes and on how the policy
directly influences the consumers’ preference for the healthy product
Why Should Governments Intervene in Nutrition Security?
The simple answer: ‘prevention is better than the cure’. It is also the more
cost-effective option in the long-run. There is enough evidence that healthcare costs are astronomical, rising and out of reach of the majority of a
country’s citizens. Who bears the fall out? The government and ultimately, the
as more and more of a country’s tax revenues are diverted into
It is therefore in Government’s interest to nurture a healthy
population.Although consumption choices are the ultimate responsibility of anindividual/household, there are a number of situations and circumstancesthat may limit, disrupt or even prevent them from exercising their right tomake a healthy choice. Because economic activities and growth depend, inpart, on a productive labour force, government are required to intervene toensure that the citizens have access to food, and especially foods that areessential to good health.
A ‘business as usual’ approach would signific
antlycompromise human capital formation in both the short and long run and for resource-scare SIDs, including those of the Caribbean, and severelyundermine development.
The CARICOM Regional Food and Nutrition Security Policy (RFNSP, 2010)
on’s vulnerabilities to policy shifts and economic and financial shocks in leading world
economies. The 2008 to 2010 financial crisis had immediate and deep impacts on food prices inthe Caribbean, threatening several vulnerable groups with food insecurity. Building resilience for food and nutrition security (FNS) requires urgent and concerted attention to food system policyand critically, nutrition policy. This challenges governments to unambiguously determine where,how and to what extent they can make meaningful interventions. Recognising the need for interventions primarily in consumer behavioural change, communication and in sharing bestpractices across sectors linked to FNS, the CARICOM
Council on Human and SocialDevelopment (COHSOD)
is an important partner in implementing the RFNSP. COHSOD issupporting the design of food service operations in schools and has agreed to focalpoints/teams from within the education sectors to support RFNSP implementation.
Shift to diets high infats, salt and refinedcarbohydrates, andlow in fruits,vegetables, legumes,provisions and nutshave been linked todrastic increases inincidences of chronicnon-communicablediseases (CNCDs).