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Chicago Transportation Plan

Chicago Transportation Plan

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Published by Patricia Dillon

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Published by: Patricia Dillon on Jan 08, 2013
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Practical Strategies for ReducingCongestion and Increasing Mobilityfor Chicago
by Samuel R. StaleyProject Director: Adrian T. Moore
Policy Study 404 July 2012
 This policy study is the independent work product o Reason Foundation, a non-prot, tax-exempt researchinstitute headquartered in Los Angeles. This study is part o the Galvin Project to End Congestion, a projectproducing the solutions that will end congestion as a regular part o lie. To learn more about the GalvinProject visit: www.reason.org/endcongestion
Reason Foundation
Reason Foundation’s mission is to advance a ree society by developing, applying andpromoting libertarian principles, including individual liberty, ree markets and the rule o law.We use journalism and public policy research to infuence the rameworks and actions o policymakers, journalists and opinion leaders.Reason Foundation’s nonpartisan public policy research promotes choice, competition and a dynamic marketeconomy as the oundation or human dignity and progress. Reason produces rigorous, peer-reviewedresearch and directly engages the policy process, seeking strategies that emphasize cooperation, fexibility,local knowledge and results. Through practical and innovative approaches to complex problems, Reasonseeks to change the way people think about issues, and promote policies that allow and encourage individu-als and voluntary institutions to fourish.Reason Foundation is a tax-exempt research and education organization as dened under IRS code 501(c)(3).Reason Foundation is supported by voluntary contributions rom individuals, oundations and corporations.Copyright © 2012 Reason Foundation. All rights reserved.
Reason Foundation
Practical Strategies for ReducingCongestion and Increasing Mobilityfor Chicago
By Samuel R. Staley, Ph.D.Project Director: Adrian T. Moore, Ph.D.
Executive Summary
Chicago ranks among the most congested regions in the nation and current trends suggest it will become much worse. The delay per automobile commuter in the Chicago urbanized area increasedfrom just 18 hours in 1982 to 71 hours—almost two work weeks—in 2010, representing the fastestrate of growth among 15 peer cities (in terms of size) studied by the Texas Transportation Institute(TTI). Using real-time traffic speeds and monitoring to estimate the impact of this congestion, TTIfound that congestion costs commuters in Chicago more than commuters in any other city in theU.S, and put the economic cost at over $8 billion in 2010. Over one-third of these economic costscome from the impact on truck and commercial freight. If congestion continues to increase atcurrent rates, the costs are likely to reach $11.3 billion per year by 2030 according to theMetropolitan Planning Council (MPC).The rise in congestion is essentially a function of demand for road use increasing at a faster ratethan the supply of road space, combined with inefficient traffic management. But this disparity ismore significant in some parts of the system than others. For example, expressways and freewaysmake up 18% of the road-miles in the region, but account for 53% of vehicle miles traveled. Mostof the hours of delay are concentrated on these roads. Indeed, travel demand has increased 126%on the region’s expressways and freeways while supply, as measured by the number of lane-miles,has increased just 57% between 1982 and 2010. Demand on arterials and local roads increased by40% while supply in lane-miles increased just 29%.

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