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Tintin Resources

Tintin Resources

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Published by: richlyn on Feb 09, 2009
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A Young Vic Production
HERGÉ’S ADVENTURES OF
TINTIN
Co-produced by BITE: 05, Barbican
Resource Pack
1
CONTENTSPage1. Hergé Biography 22. Tintin Biography 83. Family Circle Biographies 94. Tibet 115. The Yeti 146. Mysticism 187. Tibetan Buddhism 218. A Brief History of the Comic Book 229.
 
Cast and Creative Team 2610. Synopsis 2711. Assistant Director’s Rehearsal Room Diary 2912. Interview with Co-writer, David Greig 4513. Interview with Designer, Ian MacNeil 4714. Interview with Sound Designer, Paul Arditti 4815. Interview with Composer, Orlando Gough 4916. Songs 5117. Further Reading 5318. Interview: The Daily Telegraph 54
If you have any questions or comments about this Resource Pack please contact us:The Young Vic, 2
nd
floor Chester House, 1 – 3 Brixton Road, London, SW9 6DEt: 020 7820 3350 f: 020 7820 3355 e: info@youngvic.orgWritten by: Joe Hill-Gibbins Additional Material: Lucinka Eisler Young Vic 2005First performed at the Barbican on 1 December 2005
 
A Young Vic Production
HERGÉ’S ADVENTURES OF
TINTIN
Co-produced by BITE: 05, Barbican
Resource Pack
2
1. HERGÉ BIOGRAPHY
‘Hergé’ is the pen name of Georges Remi, the Belgian comics writer and artist who found international fame through his
 
creation,
The Adventures of Tintin
. Taking his pseudonym from the French pronunciation of RG, the reverse of his initials,Remi wrote and illustrated the
Tintin
books from 1929 up until his death in 1983. The notable qualities of the
Tintin
storiesinclude their human warmth, a realistic feel (created by Hergé's meticulous and wide-ranging research) and the artist’s
ligne claire
drawing style (see below). There are twenty-three Tintin adventures in total (not including the unfinished
Tintinand Alph-art 
, which Hergé was working on at the time of his death).
Childhood
Georges Remi was born in 1907 in Etterbeek, near Brussels, Belgium. His parents, Alexis and Elisabeth Remi, were amiddle-class couple who met and lived in Brussels. His four years of primary schooling coincided with World War One(1914–1918), during which the city was occupied by the German Empire. Georges, who displayed an early affinity for drawing, filled the margins of his earliest schoolbooks with doodles of the German invaders. Except for a few drawinglessons which he would later take at Ecole Saint-Luc, he never had any formal training in the visual arts.In 1920, he began studying in the Collège Saint-Boniface, a secondary school where the teachers were catholic priests.Georges joined the school’s Boy Scouts troop, where he was given the totemic name Renard Curieux (Curious Fox). Hisfirst drawings were published in
Jamais Assez 
, the school's scout paper, and, from 1923, in
Le Boy-Scout Belge
, thescout monthly magazine. It was in 1924 that he began to sign his illustrations using the pseudonym Hergé.His subsequent comics work would be heavily influenced by the ethics of the scouting movement, as well as the earlytravel experiences he made with his scout troop.
Early Career 
On finishing school in 1925, Georges worked at the Catholic newspaper 
Le XXe Siècle
. The following year, he publishedhis first cartoon series,
The Adventures of Totor 
, in the scouting magazine
Le Boy-Scout Belge
. In 1928, he was put incharge of producing material for the
Le XXe Siècle's
new weekly supplement for children,
Le Petit Vingtième
. He beganillustrating
The Adventures of Flup, Nénesse, Poussette, and Cochonnet 
, a strip written by a member of the newspaper'ssports staff, but soon became dissatisfied with this series. He decided to create a comic strip of his own, which wouldadopt the recent American innovation of using speech balloons to depict words coming out of the characters' mouths.Previously lines of dialogue had appeared like subtitles, outside of the panel of artwork.
Tintin in the Land of the Soviets
, by Hergé, appeared in black and white in the pages of 
Le Petit Vingtième
in January1929, and ran until May 1930. The strip chronicles the adventures of a young reporter named Tintin and his pet fox terrier Snowy (named Milou in the original French version) as they journey through the Soviet Union. The character of Tintin wasinspired by Georges' brother Paul Remi, an officer in the Belgian army.In January 1930, Hergé created
Quick & Flupke
a new comic strip about two street urchins from Brussels, for the pages of 
Le Petit Vingtième
. For many years, Hergé would continue to produce this less well-known series in parallel with his
Tintin
 
 
A Young Vic Production
HERGÉ’S ADVENTURES OF
TINTIN
Co-produced by BITE: 05, Barbican
Resource Pack
3
stories. In June, he began the second
Tintin
adventure,
Tintin in the Congo
(then the colony of Belgian Congo), followedby
Tintin in America
and
Cigars of the Pharaoh
.In 1932, he married Germaine Kieckens, the secretary of the director of the
Le XXe Siècle
. They had no children,and would later divorce in 1975 when Hergé began a relationship with a young illustrator, Fanny Vlamynck.The early
Tintin
adventures each took about a year to complete, upon which they were released in book form by theCasterman publishing house. Years later Hergé would express embarrassment over the old fashioned, colonial attitudesexpressed in these early works. For instance, an infamous sequence in
Tintin in the Congo
has Tintin giving a geographylesson to native students in a missionary school. "My dear friends," exclaims Tintin, "today I am going to talk to you aboutyour country: Belgium!" In a later edition, the scene was changed into an arithmetic lesson. Hergé would continue revisinghis stories in subsequent editions, including a later conversion to colour.
World War Two
The Second World War broke out on September 1st, 1939 with the German invasion of Poland. Hergé was mobilized as areserve lieutenant, and had to interrupt Tintin's adventures in the middle of 
Land of Black Gold 
. Nevertheless, by thesummer of 1940, Belgium had fallen to Germany with the rest of Continental Europe and
Le Petit Vingtième
, in whichTintin's adventures had hitherto been published, was shut down by the German occupation. However, Hergé accepted anoffer to produce a new Tintin strip in
Le Soir 
, Brussels' leading French daily, which had been appropriated as themouthpiece of the occupation forces. He had to leave
The Land of the Black Gold 
unfinished, due to its anti-fascistovertones, launching instead into
The Crab with the Golden Claws
, the first of six Tintin stories which he would produceduring the war.As the war progressed, two factors arose that led to a revolution in Hergé's style. Firstly, paper shortages forced Tintin tobe published in a daily three or four-frame strip, rather than two full pages every week which had been the practice on
LePetit Vingtième
. In order to create tension at the end of each strip rather than the end of each page, Hergé had tointroduce more frequent gags and faster-paced action. Secondly, Hergé had to move the focus of Tintin's adventuresaway from current affairs, in order to avoid controversy. He turned to stories with an escapist flavour: an expedition to ameteorite (
The Shooting Star 
), a treasure hunt (
The Secret of the Unicorn
and
Red Rackham's Treasure
), and a quest toundo an ancient Inca curse (
The Seven Crystal Balls
and
Prisoners of the Sun
).In these stories, Hergé placed more emphasis on characterization than on the plot, and indeed Tintin's most memorablecompanions, Captain Haddock and Cuthbert Calculus (in French, Professeur Tryphon Tournesol), were introduced at thistime. Haddock debuted in
The Crab with the Golden Claws
and Calculus in
Red Rackham's Treasure
. The impact of these changes were not lost on the readers; in reprint, these stories have proven to be amongst the most popular.In 1943, Hergé met Edgar Pierre Jacobs, another comics artist, whom he hired to help revise the early
Tintin
albums.Jacob's most significant contribution would be his redrawing of the costumes and backgrounds in the revised edition of 
King Ottokar's Sceptre
. He also began collaborating with Hergé on the new
Tintin
adventure,
The Seven Crystal Balls
.

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