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Federal Court Ruling Ending Stop-And-Frisk By NYPD In TAP Operation Clean Halls Buildings

Federal Court Ruling Ending Stop-And-Frisk By NYPD In TAP Operation Clean Halls Buildings

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Published by Connaissable
The NYPD has a pattern and practice of illegally stopping innocent people in public areas outside thousands of private apartment buildings in the Bronx and must immediately end this unconstitutional practice, a U.S. District Court judge ruled this morning.
The NYPD has a pattern and practice of illegally stopping innocent people in public areas outside thousands of private apartment buildings in the Bronx and must immediately end this unconstitutional practice, a U.S. District Court judge ruled this morning.

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Published by: Connaissable on Jan 08, 2013
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07/10/2013

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTSOUTHERN DISTRICT
OF
NEW
YORK
--------------------------------------------------------
)(
JAENEAN LIGON, individually
and
onbehalf
of
her
minor son, J.G.; FAWNBRACY, individually
and
on behalf
of
her
minor son, W.B.; JACQUELINE YATES;OPINION
&
ORDER
LETITIA LEDAN;
ROSHEAJOHNSON;
KIERON JOHNSON; JOVAN
JEFFERSON;
A.O.,
by
his
parent
DINAH ADAMES;
12
Civ. 2274 (SAS)ABDULLAH TURNER; FERNANDOMORONTA;
and
CHARLES BRADLEY,individually
and
on behalf
of
a class
of
allothers similarly situated,Plaintiffs,-
against-
CITY
OF
NEW YORK; RAYMOND W.KELLY, COMMISSIONER
OF
THE NEWYORK CITY
POLICE
DEPARTMENT;
POLICE
OFFICER
JOHNNY BLASINI;
POLICE
OFFICER
GREGORYLOMANGINO;
POLICE
OFFICER
JOSEPH
KOCH;
POLICE
OFFICER
KIERON RAMDEEN;
POLICE
OFFICERJOSEPH
BERMUDEZ;
POLICE
OFFICER
MIGUEL SANTIAGO;
and POLICE
OFFICERS
JOHN
DOE 1-12,Defendants.
--------------------------------------------------------
)(
Case 1:12-cv-02274-SAS-HBP Document 96 Filed 01/08/13 Page 1 of 157
 
I.INTRODUCTION..............................................4II.LEGAL STANDARD FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION...........10III.APPLICABLE LAW...........................................12A.Sources of Liability.......................................12B.The Fourth Amendment, Stops, and Reasonable Suspicion........16C.Criminal Trespass under New York State Law..................20D.
 De Bour 
................................................21IV.FINDINGS OF FACT..........................................23A.Evidence of an Unconstitutional Practice or Custom of the NYPD..231.Findings of Fact Regarding Testimony of ADA Rucker andDecline to Prosecute Forms...........................242.Findings of Fact Regarding PlaintiffsStops..............32a.Charles Bradleys Stop..........................35 b.Abdullah Turner’s Stops.........................41c.J.G.s Stop...................................49d.Jerome Grants Stop............................52e.Roshea Johnsons Stop..........................54f.Letitia Ledans Stops...........................57g.Fernando Morontas Stop........................59h.Kieron Johnsons Stop..........................61i. Jovan Jeffersons Stop..........................633.Expert Testimony Regarding UF-250 Forms..............66B.Steps Taken by the NYPD in 2012...........................811.NYPD Recognition of a Problem in TAP.................832.Interim Orders 22 and 23 of 2012.......................843.Absence of Steps Meaningfully Addressing Outdoor TAPStops.............................................88V. DISCUSSION................................................92
2
Case 1:12-cv-02274-SAS-HBP Document 96 Filed 01/08/13 Page 2 of 157
 
A. Standing................................................92B.Preliminary Injunctive Relief...............................951.Clear or Substantial Likelihood of Success on the Merits....95a.Deliberate Indifference..........................97i.ADA Ruckers Testimony..................97ii.PlaintiffsStops..........................98iii.Decline to Prosecute Forms................104iv.Dr. Fagans Analysis.....................106v.Notice to Defendants.....................117vi.Legal Analysis..........................118 b.Failure to Rebut Deliberate Indifference Claim Based onSteps Taken by NYPD in 2012...................1202.Irreparable Harm...................................1333.Balance of Equities.................................1354.Public Interest.....................................137C.Appropriate Scope of Injunctive Relief.......................1401.Immediate Relief...................................1422.Proposed Additional Relief...........................144a. Policies and Procedures........................145 b. Supervision..................................146c.Training....................................147d.AttorneysFees...............................148VI.CONCLUSION..............................................149APPENDIX A....................................................150APPENDIX B....................................................156
3
Case 1:12-cv-02274-SAS-HBP Document 96 Filed 01/08/13 Page 3 of 157

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