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The Reign of Greed El Filibusterismo2

The Reign of Greed El Filibusterismo2

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Published by malditzky3065
19th cent novel by Jose Rizal
19th cent novel by Jose Rizal

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Published by: malditzky3065 on Feb 09, 2009
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 The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Reign of Greed, by Jose Rizal This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: The Reign of GreedComplete English Version of 'El Filibusterismo'Author: Jose Rizal Translator: Charles DerbyshireRelease Date: October 10, 2005 [EBook #10676]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-8859-1*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE REIGN OF GREED ***Produced by Jeroen Hellingman and the distributed proofreaders team The Reign of GreedA Complete English Version of _El Filibusterismo_ from the Spanish of  José RizalByCharles DerbyshireManilaPhilippine Education Company1912
Copyright, 1912, by Philippine Education Company.Entered at Stationers' Hall.Registrado en las Islas Filipinas. _All rights reserved_. TRANSLATOR'S INTRODUCTIONEl Filibusterismo, the second of José Rizal's novels of Philippinelife, is a story of the last days of the Spanish régime in thePhilippines. Under the name of _The Reign of Greed_ it is for thefirst time translated into English. Written some four or five yearsafter _Noli Me Tangere_, the book represents Rizal's more mature judgment on political and social conditions in the islands, and inits graver and less hopeful tone reflects the disappointments anddiscouragements which he had encountered in his efforts to lead theway to reform. Rizal's dedication to the first edition is of specialinterest, as the writing of it was one of the grounds of accusationagainst him when he was condemned to death in 1896. It reads:"To the memory of the priests, Don Mariano Gomez (85 yearsold), Don José Burgos (30 years old), and Don Jacinto Zamora(35 years old). Executed in Bagumbayan Field on the 28th of February, 1872."The Church, by refusing to degrade you, has placed in doubtthe crime that has been imputed to you; the Government, bysurrounding your trials with mystery and shadows, causes thebelief that there was some error, committed in fatal moments;and all the Philippines, by worshiping your memory and callingyou martyrs, in no sense recognizes your culpability. In sofar, therefore, as your complicity in the Cavite mutiny is notclearly proved, as you may or may not have been patriots, andas you may or may not have cherished sentiments for justiceand for liberty, I have the right to dedicate my work toyou as victims of the evil which I undertake to combat. Andwhile we await expectantly upon Spain some day to restoreyour good name and cease to be answerable for your death,let these pages serve as a tardy wreath of dried leaves overyour unknown tombs, and let it be understood that every onewho without clear proofs attacks your memory stains his handsin your blood! J. Rizal."A brief recapitulation of the story in _Noli Me Tangere_ (The SocialCancer) is essential to an understanding of such plot as there isin the present work, which the author called a "continuation" of the
first story. Juan Crisostomo Ibarra is a young Filipino, who, after studyingfor seven years in Europe, returns to his native land to find thathis father, a wealthy landowner, has died in prison as the resultof a quarrel with the parish curate, a Franciscan friar named PadreDamaso. Ibarra is engaged to a beautiful and accomplished girl, MariaClara, the supposed daughter and only child of the rich Don Santiagode los Santos, commonly known as "Capitan Tiago," a typical Filipinocacique, the predominant character fostered by the friar régime.Ibarra resolves to forego all quarrels and to work for the bettermentof his people. To show his good intentions, he seeks to establish,at his own expense, a public school in his native town. He meets withostensible support from all, especially Padre Damaso's successor,a young and gloomy Franciscan named Padre Salvi, for whom Maria Claraconfesses to an instinctive dread.At the laying of the corner-stone for the new schoolhouse asuspicious accident, apparently aimed at Ibarra's life, occurs, butthe festivities proceed until the dinner, where Ibarra is grossly andwantonly insulted over the memory of his father by Fray Damaso. Theyoung man loses control of himself and is about to kill the friar,who is saved by the intervention of Maria Clara.Ibarra is excommunicated, and Capitan Tiago, through his fear of thefriars, is forced to break the engagement and agree to the marriage of Maria Clara with a young and inoffensive Spaniard provided by PadreDamaso. Obedient to her reputed father's command and influencedby her mysterious dread of Padre Salvi, Maria Clara consents tothis arrangement, but becomes seriously ill, only to be saved bymedicines sent secretly by Ibarra and clandestinely administered bya girl friend.Ibarra succeeds in having the excommunication removed, but before hecan explain matters an uprising against the Civil Guard is secretlybrought about through agents of Padre Salvi, and the leadership isascribed to Ibarra to ruin him. He is warned by a mysterious friend,an outlaw called Elias, whose life he had accidentally saved; butdesiring first to see Maria Clara, he refuses to make his escape,and when the outbreak occurs he is arrested as the instigator of itand thrown into prison in Manila.On the evening when Capitan Tiago gives a ball in his Manila house tocelebrate his supposed daughter's engagement, Ibarra makes his escapefrom prison and succeeds in seeing Maria Clara alone. He begins toreproach her because it is a letter written to her before he went toEurope which forms the basis of the charge against him, but she clearsherself of treachery to him. The letter had been secured from her byfalse representations and in exchange for two others written by hermother just before her birth, which prove that Padre Damaso is herreal father. These letters had been accidentally discovered in theconvento by Padre Salvi, who made use of them to intimidate the girland get possession of Ibarra's letter, from which he forged othersto incriminate the young man. She tells him that she will marry the

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