5.We believe that the central challenge we face today is to ensure thatglobalization becomes a positive force for all the world’s people. For whileglobalization offers great opportunities, at present its benefits are veryunevenly shared, while its costs are unevenly distributed. We recognize thatdeveloping countries and countries with economies in transition face specialdifficulties in responding to this central challenge. Thus, only through broadand sustained efforts to create a shared future, based upon our commonhumanity in all its diversity, can globalization be made fully inclusive andequitable. These efforts must include policies and measures, at the global level,which correspond to the needs of developing countries and economies intransition and are formulated and implemented with their effectiveparticipation.6.We consider certain fundamental values to be essential to internationalrelations in the twenty-first century. These include:•
Men and women have the right to live their lives and raise theirchildren in dignity, free from hunger and from the fear of violence, oppressionor injustice. Democratic and participatory governance based on the will of thepeople best assures these rights.•.
No individual and no nation must be denied the opportunity tobenefit from development. The equal rights and opportunities of women andmen must be assured.•
Global challenges must be managed in a way that distributes thecosts and burdens fairly in accordance with basic principles of equity andsocial justice. Those who suffer or who benefit least deserve help from thosewho benefit most.•
Human beings must respect one other, in all their diversity of belief, culture and language. Differences within and between societies shouldbe neither feared nor repressed, but cherished as a precious asset of humanity.A culture of peace and dialogue among all civilizations should be activelypromoted.•
Respect for nature.
Prudence must be shown in the management of all livingspecies and natural resources, in accordance with the precepts of sustainabledevelopment. Only in this way can the immeasurable riches provided to us bynature be preserved and passed on to our descendants. The currentunsustainable patterns of production and consumption must be changed in theinterest of our future welfare and that of our descendants.
Responsibility for managing worldwide economic andsocial development, as well as threats to international peace and security, mustbe shared among the nations of the world and should be exercisedmultilaterally. As the most universal and most representative organization inthe world, the United Nations must play the central role.7.In order to translate these shared values into actions, we have identified keyobjectives to which we assign special significance.
II.Peace, security and disarmament
8.We will spare no effort to free our peoples from the scourge of war, whetherwithin or between States, which has claimed more than 5 million lives in the