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P. 1
Circuits - P3, week 1

Circuits - P3, week 1

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Published by: hooloovoo on Jan 09, 2013
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01/09/2013

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Electriccharge
 
Electriccharge
 –isapropertyofma.erthatcausesthepar2clesorobjectsthatpossessittoexperienceaforcewhennearotherobjectsorpar2clesthatalsopossessit
 
Theelectricchargeisthesourceof
electricforce
(canbea.rac2veorrepulsive)
 
Conductors
:materialsthroughwhichelectronscanfloweasily
 
Insulators
:materialsthatopposethefreeflowofelectrons
 
Electronaffinity
:theamountofenergyreleasedwhenanelectronisaddedtoaneutralatomtoformanega2veion
ConductorsandInsulators
1
 
Electriccurrent
 
Theflowofelectricchargethroughaconduc2ngmaterialiscalledthe
electriccurrent
 
Forcurrenttoflow,weneeda
 poten,aldifference
 
Electronsflowfromthenega2veterminaloftheba.erytotheposi2veterminal(-to+)
 
Conven2onalcurrentflowstheotherwayround(+to-)

 
 
DriJvelocity
Conductorlength
L
Cross-sec2onalareaAe
-
e
-
e
-
e
-
e
-
e
-
Direc2onofflowofcurrent
 L
=
vt 
=
LA
=
vtA N 
e
=
nV 
=
nvtAQ
=
qN 
e
=
qnvtA I 
=
Q
=
qnvtA
=
qnvA
LengthoftheconductorVolumeoftheconductorNumberofelectronscrossingTotalchargeCurrentThe
Coulomb
istheunitof
electriccharge
The
Ampere
istheunitof
electriccurrent
 I 
=
Q
3

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