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Structure of Intelligence

Structure of Intelligence

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Published by: sasha_st on Feb 09, 2009
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THE STRUCTURE OF INTELLIGENCE1The Structure of Intelligence A New Mathematical Model of MindBy Ben GoertzelGet any book for free on: www.Abika.comGet any book for free on: www.Abika.comTHE STRUCTURE OF INTELLIGENCE2The Structure of IntelligenceA New Mathematical Model of MindPaper Version published by Springer-Verlag, 1993ContentsStructure of Intelligence File 1 Structure of Intelligence File 2 Structure of Intelligence File3 Structure of Intelligence File 4 Structure of Intelligence File 5 Structure of IntelligenceFile 6 Structure of Intelligence File 7Get any book for free on: www.Abika.comTHE STRUCTURE OF INTELLIGENCE3The Structure of IntelligenceThe universe is a labyrinth made of labyrinths. Each leads to another. And wherever wecannot go ourselves, we reach with mathematics. -- Stanislaw Lem, FiascoContents 0. INTRODUCTION 1 10.0 Psychology versus Complex Systems Science 0.1 Mind and Computation 0.2Synopsis 4 7 9 30.3 Mathematics, Philosophy, Science 1. MIND AND COMPUTATION 1.0 Rules 91.1 Stochastic and Quantum Computation 1.2 Computational Complexity 1412
1.3 Network, Program or Network of Programs? 2. OPTIMIZATION 2.0 Thought asOptimization 2.1 Monte Carlo and Multistart 2.2 Simulated Annealing 2.3 MultilevelOptimization 26 27 23 23 2418Get any book for free on: www.Abika.comTHE STRUCTURE OF INTELLIGENCE4 31 31 343. QUANTIFYING STRUCTURE 3.0 Algorithmic Complexity 3.1 Randomness 3.2 Pattern3.3 Meaningful Complexity 3.4 Structural Complexity 38 47 504. INTELLIGENCE AND MIND 4.0 The Triarchic Theory of Intelligence 4.1 Intelligence asFlexible Optimization 4.2 Unpredictability 6256 56 604.3 Intelligence as Flexible Optimization, Revisited 4.4 Mind and Behavior 5. INDUCTION5.0 Justifying Induction 5.1 The Tendency to Take Habits 5.2 Toward General InductionAlgorithm 5.3 Induction, Probability, and Intelligence 6. ANALOGY 77 68 68 70 73 76 66646.0 The Structure-Mapping Theory of Analogy 6.1 A Typology of Analogy 6.2 Analogy andInduction 6.3 Hierarchical Analogy 81 86 8877Get any book for free on: www.Abika.comTHE STRUCTURE OF INTELLIGENCE5 90 95 95 97 996.4 Structural Analogy in the Brain 7. LONG-TERM MEMORY 7.0 Structurally AssociativeMemory 7.1 Quillian Networks7.2 Implications of Structurally Associative Memory 7.3 Image and Process 1028. DEDUCTIONp.103
8.0 Deduction and Analogy in Mathematics 8.1 The Structure of Deduction 8.2Paraconsistency 8.3 Deduction Cannot Stand Alone 9. PERCEPTION 9.0 The PerceptualHierarchy 9.1 Probability Theory 9.2 The Maximum Entropy Principle 9.3 The Logic of Perception 10. MOTOR LEARNING 10.0 Generating Motions 10.1 Parameter Adaptation10.2 The Motor Control Hierarchy 10.3 A Neural-Darwinist Perceptual-Motor Hierarchy 11.CONSCIOUSNESS AND COMPUTATION p.142 p.135 p.112Get any book for free on: www.Abika.comTHE STRUCTURE OF INTELLIGENCE611.0 Toward a Quantum Theory of Consciousness 11.1 Implications of the QuantumTheory of Consciousness 11.2 Consciousness and Emotion 12. THE MASTERNETWORK 12.0 The Structure of Intelligence 12.1 Design for a Thinking MachineAPPENDIX 1: COMPONENTS OF THE MASTER NETWORK p.161 p.155APPENDIX 2: AUTOMATA NETWORKSp.164 p.166APPENDIX 3: A QUICK REVIEW OF BOOLEAN LOGIC0 Introduction 0.0 Psychology versus Complex Systems Science Over the last century,psychology has become much less of an art and much more of a science. Philosophicalspeculation is out; data collection is in. In many ways this has been a very positive trend.Cognitive science (Mandler, 1985) has given us scientific analyses of a variety of intelligent behaviors: short-term memory, language processing, vision processing, etc. Andthanks to molecular psychology (Franklin, 1985), we now have a rudimentaryunderstanding of the chemical processes underlying personality and mental illness.However, there is a growing feeling -- particularly among non-psychologists (see e.g.Sommerhoff, 1990) -- that, with the new emphasis on data collection, something importanthas been lost. Very little attention is paid to the question of how it all fits together. Theearly psychologists, and the classical philosophers of mind, were concerned with thegeneral nature of mentality as much as with the mechanisms underlying specificphenomena. But the new, scientific psychology has made disappointingly little progresstoward the resolution of these more general questions. One way to deal with thiscomplaint is to dismiss the questions themselves. After all, one might argue, a scientificpsychology cannot be expected to deal with fuzzy philosophical questions that probablyhave little empirical significance. It is interesting that behaviorists and cognitive scientiststend to be in agreement regarding the question of the overall structure of the mind.Behaviorists believe that it is meaningless to speak about the structures and processesunderlying

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