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Tenses

Tenses

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Published by michael

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Published by: michael on Feb 09, 2009
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06/07/2013

 
T E N S E S
I. PRESENT1. Simple Present Tense
 
POLA:
Subject + Verb 1 + …. They / WeI / YouSubject + Verb s-es + ….He / SheIt 
FUNGSI
:
a.
Untuk menyatakan suatu kebiasaan (habitual action) atau kegiatan yang terjadi berulang – ulang dan terus menerus
.
Contoh :
 The students go to school everyday.
She studies English twice a week.
I go to church on Sundays
We celebrate our independence day once in a year.b
.
Untuk menyatakan kebenaran umum (general truth).
Contoh:
 The sun
rises
in the east and
sets
down in the west.
 The earth
revolves
round the sun.
 The pineapple never
grows
up on a tree.c.
Digunakan dalam bahasa drama, komentar radio dan sejenisnya
.When the curtain
rises
, Juliet is writing on her desk. Suddenly the window
opens
and amasked man
enters
.
KETERANGAN WAKTU:
a.
Every morning/day/week/month/yearb.Once, twice, three times, four times, c.Adverb of frequency : always, usually, sometimes, often, never, seldom.
2. Present Continuous Tense
POLA :
Subyek + to be (is, am, are) + V-ing
FUNGSI;
a.
Untuk menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung pada waktudiucapkan
.Contoh:
 They
are
still
playing
at the moment.
She
is reading
a novel now.
 b.
Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung tetapi belum tentu sedangberlangsung ketika pernyataan diucapkan
.Contoh:
 
I
am learning
French this year.
Mr. Brown
is teaching
English.
KETERANGAN WAKTU:
Now, at the moment, this afternoon, this evening, right now, today.Note :
Ketika ada kata kerja seperti: Look!, Listen!, Watch!, Notice! ( Imperative),maka tensesnya Present Continuous
.
Contoh: * Look! The man
is climbing
.* Listen! The girls next door
are singing
my favourite song.
3. Present Perfect Tense
POLA:
Subject + Have + Verb 3 +….Has
FUNGSI :
a.
Untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang terjadi pada waktu lampau dan waktunyatidak tertentu.
Contoh :
William Shakespeare
has written
many short stories.
I
have swept
the floor. It looks clean now.
 b.
Untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang pernah dilakukan dan mungkin dilakukan lagi di waktu yang akan datang
.
Contoh:
My friends and I
have gone
to Bali.
Shinta
has visited
her grand parents many times. 
KETERANGAN WAKTU
: Since, for, just (baru saja), already, yet, so far.
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
POLA :
Subject + Have + Been + Verb-ingHas
FUNGSI :
Untuk menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang mulai dilakukan pada waktu lampau dansampai sekarang masih berlangsung
.Contoh:
My sister
has been studying
English for three months.
 The students
have been doing
the test since 11 o’clock.
 
 
KETERANGAN WAKTU
: For, since.
5. Simple Past Tense
POLA:
Subject + Verb 2 + Object +….
FUNGSI:
Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa lampau.
Contoh:
I
met
my music teacher yesterday.
My mother
bought
a new carpet last Sunday.
Rendy
closed
the window five minutes ago.
 The students
presented
their project work this morning.
KETERANGAN WAKTU:
-
Last . - ago- This afternoon
-
 Just now - This morning- Yesterday
6. Past Continuous Tense
POLA:
Subject + was + Verb- ingwere
FUNGSI:
a.
Untuk menggambarkan peristiwa yang sedang terjadi pada masa lampau.
Contoh:
I
was studying
at my friend’s house.
My parents
were chatting
in the living room.
 b.
Untuk menggambarkan suatu peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung pada waktulampau, dimana peristiwa lain juga terjadi 
.Contoh:
When I
was studying
, someone knocked the door.
When I
was walking
to school, I met Dian sastro.
7. Past Perfect tense
POLA:
Subject + Had + Verb 3
FUNGSI:

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