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Ch. 1 Lecture B

# Ch. 1 Lecture B

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01/10/2013

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Chapter 1: Matter &
MeasurementPart B
1/11/13CHM 101

Scientific Notation
Scientific notation
is used to write very large or very small numbers.
52 000.= 5.2000 x 10

4
4 spaces left(use positive exponent)
A number in scientific notation contains a coefficient and a power of 10.c
oefficient power of ten coefficient power of ten
1.5 x 10
2
7.35 x 10
-4
To write a number in scientific notation, the decimal point is moved so it will lie afterthe first digit.All significant figures are written.0.00378 = 3.78 x 10
-3

3 spaces right (use negative exponent)

See Section 1.6 in your text for a detailed treatment of scientific notation (ASK FOR HELP!)

You MUST know the prefixes
below
and be able to use themas conversion factors.
Used torepresent
large
quantitiesUsed to
represent
small
quantities
Units of Measurement