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An Analysis of Single Track Rail Operation

An Analysis of Single Track Rail Operation

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Dimitris Giannakakis on Jan 10, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements forthe award of MSc in Railway Systems Engineering & Integration
MSc in Railway Systems Engineering and IntegrationCollege of Engineering, School of Civil Engineering
University of BirminghamAn Analysis of Single Track High SpeedRail Operation
Author: Sam Paul Singh PawarMay 2011Supervisor: Professor Felix Schmid
An Analysis of Single Track High Speed Rail OperationPreliminaries May 2011Sam Paul Singh Pawar i
I wish to express my deepest gratitude to my supervisor, Professor Felix Schmid who hasalways been helpful. Throughout the project, he has offered invaluable support andguidance, while even agreeing for late night Skype meetings at times. Special thanks toMrs Joy Grey, the MSc Programme Administrator, for providing ample support during thisperiod.The guidance and feedback from Gaute Borgerud from Jernbaneverket, who sincerelydevoted his time to this project, have been important to the progress of the report. I am alsothankful to Oliver Osazee Imafidon who helped me with the differential equations.A special thanks to Rohan Sharma, Amrit Sandhu, Eivind Jamholt Bæra, JacquelineFranco and Tina Pawar who reviewed parts of this report and provided valuable feedback.I am also grateful to Multiconsult for the time off work and the facilities provided toundertake this project.Finally, I wish to thank my beloved family members and friends for their understandingand support throughout this project.
An Analysis of Single Track High Speed Rail OperationPreliminaries May 2011Sam Paul Singh Pawar ii
Executive Summary
High speed rail is a consequence of the need for safe, fast, reliable and environmentallyfriendly mode of transport. Increasing competition from other modes of transport and thehigh capital cost of high speed rail all efforts should be focused on reducing the costs to bemore compatible. Adding a track to the system involves adding additional subsystems suchas signals, power supply etc., thus the price is generally in the region of 60-70% additionalcosts. Similarly, removing a track reduces the costs, which is why single track operationmight be a great alternative to double track. However, as far as the Author is aware of thereis no single track high speed rail operation operative anywhere in the world. The demandfor single track system might be limited due to the operational constraints involved, suchas less capacity, frequency and flexibility, but the potential cost savings in infrastructurecosts can outweigh these constraints.The timetable, rolling stock performance and capacity are key elements in the planning anddesign phase of a single track. To get a better understanding of the relationship between theelements they are carefully analysed in this report. However, as it involves a high numberof calculations the Author has invested a great deal of effort in creating a train performancecalculator. This tool has been used greatly by the Author during the project and newfeatures were added as they were needed.One of the key finding was that the differences in speed have little effect on the ratio of double track required, as illustrated below
Figure 1
Double track ratio based on TPH, with 3 min BT (Author)

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