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Structuring Your Speech

Structuring Your Speech

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Published by zaai381

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Published by: zaai381 on Jan 10, 2013
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Structuring your Speech
Ideally you should try to have a structure to your speech. If you do then it is more likely to be agood speech. If you don't have some form of structure you may be penalised by adjudicators andyou may ramble. You don't have to use a strict structure just have a mental layout of what youwant to say and when. In fact if you have too rigid a structure then you will find it impossible tostick to it, when you have to rebutt and deal with points of information.The following is a rough outline of how to structure your speech. In general just use these asguidelines and, ideally, develop a style and structure which you are comfortable with.1st Minute (0:00-1:00):(Can't be given a point of information).Win the audience, perhaps with a joke.Don't rebuttanother speakers speech.Define your speech, i.e. say what you will address and how. Ideally beable to state your argument in a single, short sentence.Define your team approach i.e. say,roughly, what your partner will say (or has said).2nd Minute (1:00-2:00):Don't take any Points of information until foundation has been laid i.e. until you have developedyour speech a bit. Layout your argument. Usually best to propose/oppose on 3 points. (e.g.Political, Economic, Social).Begin your first point.3rd-6th Minute (2:00-6:00):Accept 2 to 3 points of information. Say outline political aspects and deal with them. Then take aP.O.I. on that. Do the same for the other aspects (i.e. Economics & Social).Use these fourminutes to make all your points. Effectively this is your speech.Refer back to the single, short,core sentence one or two times.7th Minute (6:00-7:00):Once the sixth minute bell has gone you can't be offered any points of information. Finish thepoint you were on as quickly as possible. Don't introduce any new points or arguments. Sum up.Reiterate your main points and arguments (and those of your partner if you are the second teamspeaker.).Ideally, if possible, restate the single, core sentence as the last thing you say.7:00 min:
 Stay on your feet until you hear the bell. Finish, immediately if possible, "Mr. Speaker, Sir, I begto ...............".Be back in your seat by 7:15, if possible, and no later than 7:30.
Points of InformationWhat part do POIs play in a debate?
 To give and take Points of Information is the role of every speaker. Not doing either is failing to fulfillyour role. POIs contribute matter to the debate, and the way in which they are given or taken is areflection of manner. Thus not taking any POIs means a failure to fulfill your role and potentially lowercontribution in matter (however that does not mean an automatic last place).
How long should POIs be?
 POIs are not a place to make an argument, just a point, an example, an accusation or to ask a question.Typically Points Of Information are about 2 sentences long or 15 seconds in length. If a POI is too long, iteats into the time allocated for the speaker and the adjudicator may call order and request the personasking the POI to quit.
How many must I take?
 It is recommended that each speaker takes 2 points of information, 1 from the opening team and anotherfrom the closing team. This is fairest and most optimum for interactivity in the debate.
Are speakers who do not take 2 points of information automatically punished?
 No. However it is a consideration when discussing if teams have fulfilled their roles in the debate. Alsospeakers who take effort to engage with other speakers and encourage interactivity should be rewarded.While this will not guarantee win/loss, it might make a difference in close debates.The context of the debate should also be taken into account. It is understandable to not take a POI if noPOIs are offered, or if the speaker is fulfilling his/her role in some other aspect.
Can I take more than 2 points of information?
Yes, there is no limit to the number of POIs one can take, but while POIs are an important part of aspeech and should become the speech itself.
Can I interject into someone else’s speech or offer my point of information by saying something
colorful (verbalizing
), instead of just “on that point”?
 Interjections, heckles, comments whether in the process of giving POI or otherwise, are not automaticallypunished unless they interrupt the speech of the speaker on the floor. Then the debater is exhibiting badmanner and the chair can instruct him/her to maintain order. While contributing to the dynamism andinteractivity of the debate, interjections etc do not count as matter points.
Are adjudicators then supposed to explicitly ignore everything that is offered through interjectionor heckles?
 If someone says what you were thinking in your head, that does not subjugate your intelligence and yourideas remain valid. It is important however to protect the integrity of the speech of the speaker on thefloor. The debate format has to be maintained and if interjections were treated as valid points, no onewould bother with making speeches.Nevertheless there are situations where the context of the debate may deem the interjection legitimate. Forexample, if the speaker is not taking any points of information or trying to shut out one of the teams. Inthose situations, the person offering the interjection is not trying to interrupt the speech before him butbring attention to the fact that the speaker is not being dynamic and engaging his ideas. The adjudicatorthen assesses if this is true, decides if action is necessary and acts accordingly.
ExtensionsWhat is an extension?
 An extension is matter contribution from the closing team, other than rebuttals. It is an extension of theposition of the opening team, and thus should be consistent with them. An extension can be newarguments to support the case, further developments of previous arguments, analysis of previousarguments in a wholly different yet still relevant context or specific case studies that further argue thecase of the opening team. However it has to be significantly different from the arguments run by theopening team, enough to distinct the case of the closing and opening.
Is it absolutely necessary for closing teams to have an extension?
 It is the role of every team to further their case in the debate, and extensions are part of that role. Notextending the case is to not fully fulfill
your role. Therefore while not having an extension doesn’t mean
an automatic last, it means a difficult first.
In a negative case, do you still need an extension?
It becomes more difficult to because there isn’t a positive direction that can be extended, but closing
teams are still expected to distinct themselves from their opening and offer a unique contribution to thedebate.

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