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How Palestinian Authority Uses Water as a Political Weapon by Lauro Burkart

How Palestinian Authority Uses Water as a Political Weapon by Lauro Burkart

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Published by Bennett Ruda
The facts disseminated by the Palestinians, international organizations and donors about the root causes of the water scarcity in the West Bank are incorrect.

"It is not the Israeli occupation policy but the Palestinian political resistance against joint management and cooperation that is responsible for the relatively slow development of the Palestinian water sector and the deteriorating human rights situation in the Palestinian Territories...There is convincing evidence of mismanagement within the Palestinian Water Authority (PWA)."
The facts disseminated by the Palestinians, international organizations and donors about the root causes of the water scarcity in the West Bank are incorrect.

"It is not the Israeli occupation policy but the Palestinian political resistance against joint management and cooperation that is responsible for the relatively slow development of the Palestinian water sector and the deteriorating human rights situation in the Palestinian Territories...There is convincing evidence of mismanagement within the Palestinian Water Authority (PWA)."

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Bennett Ruda on Jan 10, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/22/2013

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GRADUATE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
THE POLITICIZATION OF THE OSLO WATER AGREEMENT
DISSERTATION
 
Submitted in fulfilment of the requirement for theMaster in International History and PoliticsbyLauro Burkart(Switzerland)Geneva
2012
 
 
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Abstract
The present paper will discuss the Israeli-Palestinian water conflict and in particular thenegotiation process since the enactment of the Interim Agreement in 1995. The analysis asksthe question whether the Oslo water agreement was a faulty initiative or if its implementationwas flawed. It will be argued that the main principles of the agreement, cooperation and jointmanagement of shared aquifers, laid a solid basis for a successful of the water sector andfuture water negotiations. However, the cooperation did not work longer than half a decadeand the negotiations came to a standstill. Political events in the aftermath of the secondIntifada led to a radicalization of the positions. This resulted in a politicization that is particularly driven by the Palestinian political leadership. In order to encounter the futurechallenges both sides need to resume the initiatives of the early 1990s and intensify thecooperation.
Acknowledgements
I would like to thank those people who helped me to produce this thesis. This endeavor wouldhave been impossible without the enormous intellectual as well as emotional support of Davina Gauthier. I would further like to thank my sister Tiziana Burkart who helped me withthen extensive editing process and Hanspeter Büchi who provided me with a multitude of valuable material.The research project would have been much poorer without all the perspectives voiced inthe various interviews conducted. My thank goes to all the 24 interview partners, who werewilling to take the time and energy for a discussion of this contentious topic. In addition Iwould like to thank the NGO Missing Peace who provided me with many primary documents,which became indispensable for my conclusions.Ultimately, I would like to emphasis the support received from my supervisors, Professor Jordi Tejel and Professor Marcelo Kohen, who guided me throughout the entire process of  preparing and writing the thesis.
 
 
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List of Abbreviations
ARIJ
– Applied Research Institute Jerusalem
C.A.
– Israeli Civil Administration
DFLP
– Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
D.O.P.
– Declaration of Principles
IDF
– Israeli Defense Forces
IHL
– International Humanitarian Law
IPCRI
– Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information
IWA
– Israeli Water Authority
JWC
– Joint Water Committee
M.O.
– Israeli Military Order 
PARC
- Palestinian Agricultureal Relief Committee
PEPA
– Palestinian Environmental Protection Authority
PFLP
– Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
PHG
– Palestinian Hydrology Group
PLO
– Palestinian Liberation Organisation
PNA
– Palestinian National Authority
PWA
– Palestinian Water Authority
UNC
– United National Command
UNSCR 
– United Nations Security Council Resolution

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