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Water Investing Water Infrastructure Capital Operations Maintenance

Water Investing Water Infrastructure Capital Operations Maintenance

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W Pp
InvestIng In Water Infrastructure:
Capital, Operations and Maintenance
Diego J. Rodriguez, Caroline van den Berg and Amanda McMahon
November 2012
Water Papers are published by the Water Unit, Transport, Water and ICT Department, SustainableDevelopment Vice Presidency. Water Papers are available on-line at www.worldbank.org/water.Comments should be e-mailed to the authors.
 
Approving Manager
JuliaBucknall
Contact Information
Thispaperisavailableonlineathttp://www.worldbank.org/water.AuthorsmayalsobecontactedthroughtheWaterHelpDeskattheemailaddressabove.
Disclaimer – World Bank
© 2012 The World Bank
1818HStreetNWWashingtonDC20433Telephone:202-473-1000Internet:www.worldbank.orgThisdocumentisaproductofthestaffoftheInternationalBankforReconstructionandDevelopment/theWorldBank.Thendings,interpretations,andconclusionsexpressedinthispaperdonotnecessarilyre-ecttheviewsoftheexecutivedirectorsoftheWorldBankorthegovernmentstheyrepresent.TheWorldBankdoesnotguaranteetheaccuracyofthedataincludedinthiswork.Theboundaries,col-ors,denominations,andotherinformationshownonanymapinthisworkdonotimplyanyjudgmentonthepartofTheWorldBankconcerningthelegalstatusofanyterritoryortheendorsementoracceptanceofsuchboundaries.
Rights and Permissions
Thematerialinthisworkissubjecttocopyright.BecauseTheWorldBankencouragesdisseminationofitsknowledge,thisworkmaybereproduced,inwholeorinpart,fornoncommercialpurposesaslongasfullat-tributiontothisworkisgiven.Anyqueriesonrightsandlicenses,includingsubsidiaryrights,shouldbeaddressedtotheOfceofthePublisher,TheWorldBank,1818HStreetNW,Washington,DC20433,USA;fax:202-522-2422;e-mail:pubrights@worldbank.org.AsummaryofthisdocumentwaspreparedasacontributiontotheUnitedNationsWorldWaterAssessmentProgram.
Acknowledgments
ThisdocumentwaspreparedbyDiegoJ.Rodriguez,CarolinevandenBerg,andAmandaMcMahon.ResearchassistancewasprovidedbyOlusolaIkuforiji.Theauthorswouldliketothankthefollowingfortheircontributions:AlessandraCampanaro,AlexanderBakalian,andDominickRevelldeWaalfortheirconstruc-tivefeedbackinpeerreviewingthedocument;JuliaBucknallforhersupportandapproval;GracielaTestaforediting;andTheWorldExpress,Inc.fordocumentlayoutanddesign.ThisworkwasmadepossiblebythenancialcontributionoftheWaterPartnershipProgram(WPP)–http://water.worldbank.org/water/wpp.
 
SummaryvIntroduction viiSection 1: Water in an Uncertain World 1Background1Financial Crisis 2Climate Crisis 2Food Crisis3Energy Shocks and the Green Response4Section 2: Investment Needs and Funding Sources 7Global Investment Needs7Funding Sources 8Public Contributions 8Ofcial Development Assistance 8Public Expenditure9Private Contributions 10Private Sector Participation10Private Equity 11Households, Geography and the Poor12Section 3: Financing the Gap 13Barriers to Sector Finance13The Reform Cycle14Service Providers: Deliver Services More Efciently15Non-Revenue Water15Billing and Collections16Technology Choice17Managing Uncertainty17
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