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Aritmatik Function on Number Theory

Aritmatik Function on Number Theory

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Published by Ekka Kurniasih

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Published by: Ekka Kurniasih on Jan 10, 2013
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03/11/2014

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Number-Theoritic (Arithmatic) Function
Created By:Eka Kurniasih (11A06035)Silvia Ferdhiana S (11A06040)Vivi Ardienti Ledy (11A06044)Alivia Novic (11A06045)
International Mathematics EducationFaculty of Teacher Training and Education ScienceUniversity of Ahmad Dahlan2012
 
INTRODUCTION
Certain function are found to be special importance in connection with the study of thedivisor an integer. Any function whose domain of definition is the set of positive integers issaid to be a number-theoritic (or arithmetic) function. Although the value of a number-theoritic function is not required to be a positive integer or, for that matter, even an integer,most of the number-theoritic functions that we shall encounter are integer-valued. Among theeasiest to handle, and most natural, are the function (
τ
) and (
ơ 
).we do shall introduce another
naturally defined function on the positive integers, it is the Mobius μ
-function.On the other hand,
the greatest integer or “bracket” function [ ] is
specially suitable fortreating divisibility problems. Although not strictly a number-theoriticfunction, its study hasa natural place in this chapter.
That is all the subject matter that would be learn in this chapter “number 
-theoritic (or
arithmetic)”.
It is the function of 
τ
and
ơ 
, also
Mobius μ
-function. And unforgtable we would
 be learn about the greatest integer or “bracket” function.
 
 
DISCUSSIONA.
 
Fungsi (
τ
) tau
DefinisiMisalkan n suatu bilangan bulat positif 
τ (
n) menyatakan banyaknya pembagi bulatpositif dari nContoh :1) Pembagi-pembagibulatpositifdari 12 adalah 1,2,3,4,6,dan 12,maka T (12) = 62) Pembagi-pembagibulatpositifdari 15 adalah 1,3,5,dan 15,maka T (15) = 43) Pembagi-pembagibulatpositifdari 13 adalah 1 dan 13,maka T (13) = 24) Periksalahbahwa
τ (1) = 1, τ (2) = 2, τ (3) = 2, τ (4) = 3, τ (5) = 2, τ (6) = 4,τ (8) = 4,
 Apabila p suatu bilangan prima, maka
τ (
p) = 2
 
τ
(n) yaitu banyaknya pembagi bulat positif dari n, sering dinyatakan dengan rumus yang
menggunakannotasi ∑
(sigma).Contoh :1).2).3).4).Dari beberapa contoh pemakaian
notasi ∑ tersebut,
 
τ
(n) dapat dirumuskan sebagaiberikut :
τ
(n) =
untuk n ≥ 1
 Jadi
τ
(n) merupakan penjumlahan dari 1 sebanyak pembagi bulat positif dari n.Contoh :1)
 
Semua pembagi bulat positif dari 32 adalah 1,2,4,8,16 dan 32,maka
n
1
54321 51
aaaaaa
nn
62
65432
n
n
12
1264321
12
1111111

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