Position of metals in the electrochemical series
Hypothesis:The further the distance between two/pair of metals in the electrochemicalseries the higher/larger/bigger the voltage value.Operationaldefinition:When pair of metals are further apart in the Electrochemical Series is dippedin an electrolyte, the higher voltmeter reading.
Reactivity of magnesium powder with oxygen
Hypothesis:Magnesium is the most reactive followed by aluminium and zinc and whenreacts with oxygen.Operationaldefinition:Heat magnesium powder in oxygen gas. Magnesium burns brightly.
Reactivity of metal powder with oxygen
Hypothesis:The more reactive metal react more vigorous with oxygen.The more reactive a metal is, the more vigorous the metal burns in oxygen.Operationaldefinition:A metal that reacts more vigorously with oxygen is a more reactive metal.
Hypothesis:Electrolyte can conduct electricity while non-electrolyte cannot conductelectricity.Operationaldefinition:Ammeter needle deflected when the circuit is completed.
Heat of combustion of …..
Hypothesis:When the number of carbon atoms per molecule alcohol increases, the heat of combustion increases.Operationaldefinition:When 1 mole of …….. is burnt to heat 200 cm
of water, ??? kJ of heatenergy is released.
Alkanes and alkenes
Hypothesis:Hexene decolourised the brown colour of bromine water, hexane does not.Hexene decolourised the purple colour of acidified potassium manganate(VII)solution, hexane does not.Operationaldefinition for alkene:When bromine water is added to hexene / alkene, brown bromine water decolourised.When acidified potassium manganate(VII) solution is added to hexene, purplecolour potassium manganate(VII) solution decolourised.