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Position paper guide

Position paper guide

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Published by Hong Kong MUN 2013
A comprehensive guide to writing position paper and preparation, including a sample position paper .
A comprehensive guide to writing position paper and preparation, including a sample position paper .

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Published by: Hong Kong MUN 2013 on Jan 11, 2013
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Conference Preparation
Research Guidelines:
In order to have a comprehensive view of the problem, it is important that delegatesresearch for relevant information through a variety of sources. It is recommended thatdelegates refer to:I.
 
UN Document Index: This index for all UN documents comes in three differentversions: UNDI (1950-1973), UNDEX (1970-1978), and UNDOC (1979-present).Depending on which of the three you are using, you will find a subject index, acountry index, and an alphanumeric list of all documents published (this is useful because each committee has its own unique alphanumeric prefix and thus you canfind all the documents put out by a committee during a certain year regardless of thespecific topic). You can refer to http://unbisnet.un.org/ and http://documents.un.org/default.asp. II.
 
UN Resolutions: This series is both valuable and very easy to use. The index iscumulative from 1946, which means that you need only check the most current indexto find all the resolutions on your topic that the UN has ever passed. The resolutionvoting records are useful to see where your nation and other nations stood on theissues.III.
 
Other UN Sources: The websites of the member states missions in the UN.IV.
 
People: An often neglected source, people can aid you greatly in your research. Somepeople to keep in mind are: fellow delegates, faculty adviso
rs, and your committee’s
Chairs. Not only can these people help delegates find what they are looking for, butthey may also recommend new sources that they had not considered.V.
 
Any other relevant sources: Academic journals, websites, etc. that provideinformation that are not necessarily written from an UN perspective, butnevertheless provide important information for delegate's understanding of the topic.
 
Position Papers:
Once having completed the preliminary research, delegates are ready to write their positionpaper. Each position paper has three basic parts:I.
 
The first part should be statement of the problem. In this section, you will outlinewith the perspective of your country what the main elements of the problem are andwhat you perceive to be the roots of those elements.II.
 
The second part of the position paper should include previous actions taken by yourcountry with respect to your topic area. Has there been a particular strategy to tacklethis challenge? Have they been successful? What stance has your nation taken inrelation to this topic?III.
 
The final part of the position paper should be a statement of your current position onthe topic. What possible solution to your see for the problem at hand? What are someoutcomes that your country would not agree with in any situation? What are someoutcomes that you would push for vehemently? The position paper should besufficiently clear for the reader to understand what stand you will take on the issueat the conference. Position Papers should roughly adhere to the following form, withthe Country, the Committee, and the Topic included at the top. Please limit eachtopic area to one single spaced typed page. A sample position paper can be found onthe next page.
 
Sample of a Position Paper
UNDP/Position Paper/ Russian Federation
Committee: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)Topic: Effective Advocacy, Monitoring and Partnerships for Sustainable UrbanizationCountry: Russian Federation
Urbanization stands at the forefront of all development concerns nationally and globally. At present,half of the
world’s population lives in urban cities with the other half becomi
ng increasinglydependent upon cities for economic, social and political progress. In Russia, the urban populationaccounts for 75% of the total population. The economic downturn and the ever increasing threat ofclimate change highlights the urgency for all nations and respective governments to take up fullresponsibility to strive for better, smarter and more sustainable towns and cities, to fulfill their rolesin guiding urban development. The challenge is to integrate economic, social, and environmentalpolicies to make cities economically more competitive, socially more inclusive and gender responsive,and ecologically more sustainable, to create and develop holistic, inclusive and sustainablecommunities. With the Biennial Programme of Cooperation with UN- HABITAT, The RussianFederation, has in the past participated, and is still continuing her participation in numerous projectswith regional and international cooperation, with local projects in different cities being recognized as best practices, cities namely Yaroslav, Bugulma, Grozny and Stavropol.Under the umbrella of effective advocacy, monitoring and partnerships, with respect to UN Habitatas a facilitator and the Medium Term Strategic and Institution Plan 2009-13 as a road map, theRussian Federation points to concrete strategic measures for urban poverty reduction and sustainableurbanization.Urban planning and infrastructures are the core foundations of every city. Urban planning andreinforces infrastructure
good urban planning that reflects the true priorities of community groupsfacilitates efficient infrastructure provisions. The Russian Federation asks member states to takeinitiative to develop up-to-date urban plans and infrastructure, to steer growth into sustainabledirections, by consultation of professional partner planners whose expertise is often disregarded andundermined even in developed cities currently due to interests of urban developers.
 
When tackling a problem that concerns every nation, ever city, developed or developing, partnershipsevermore crucial. The Russian Federation strongly supports and encourages the holding of forums forknowledge sharing, such as the World Urban Forum, which provides a platform for the sharing ofexpertise, knowledge, understanding and best practices or show-case solutions. Systematic exchangeand transfer of knowledge is also integral; the Russian Federation encourages member states tocontribute to knowledge management
systems such as the UN Habitat’s Best Practices Database,
 which will supply the demand for best practice expertise for the whole international community.Locally, community based and public-private partnerships should also be in place to scale upinterventions and leverage resources.
PAGE 9 OF 14
Cities consume up to 75% of all energy and contribute to an equally substantial amount ofgreenhouse gas emissions. The Russian Federation encourages UN Habitat, to cooperate with theUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in issues related to cities and climatechange, in particular directing efforts to address the vulnerability of cities to climate change byproviding technical assistance to cities on local action for the mitigation of urban based greenhousegas emissions and adaptation to climate change, such as building affordable energy efficient homesand generating new green jobs which will in the process benefit the community socially as well.

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