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tevfik fikret - meçhul bir aşkın son nağmeleri

tevfik fikret - meçhul bir aşkın son nağmeleri

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Published by nervagus
tevfik fikret - meçhul bir aşkın son nağmeleri
tevfik fikret - meçhul bir aşkın son nağmeleri

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Published by: nervagus on Feb 10, 2009
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05/10/2014

Me\u00e7hul Bir A\u015fk\u0131n Son Na\u011fmeleri: Tevfik Fikret\u2019in \u201cTesad\u00fcf\u201d \u015eiirleri
Yard. Do\u00e7. Dr. Nuri Sa\u011flam
(Yaz\u0131n\u0131n K\u00fcnyesi: \u201cTevfik Fikret\u2019in A\u015fk\u0131 ve Tesad\u00fcf\u2019leri\u201d, \u0130\u00dc Edebiyat\u0131
Fak\u00fcltesi T\u00fcrk Dili ve Edebiyat\u0131 Dergisi, nr. XXXIV, \u0130stanbul, 2006, s. 157-170.)

Tevfik Fikret\u2019ten bahseden muhtelif kaynaklar, \u015fairin evlendikten \u00fc\u00e7 d\u00f6rt
sene sonra k\u0131sa s\u00fcreli bir a\u015fk ya\u015fad\u0131\u011f\u0131n\u0131 ve \u201cTesad\u00fcf\u201d, \u201c\u0130kinci Tesad\u00fcf\u201d, \u201cSon
Tesad\u00fcf\u201d ba\u015fl\u0131kl\u0131 \u015fiirlerinin de bu a\u015fk\u0131n eseri olarak kaleme al\u0131nd\u0131\u011f\u0131n\u0131 ileri
s\u00fcrmektedirler. Ancak s\u00f6z konusu \u015fiirlerin muhtevas\u0131 Fikret\u2019in a\u015fk\u0131n\u0131n ba\u015fka
t\u00fcrl\u00fc bir maceras\u0131 oldu\u011funu d\u00fc\u015f\u00fcnd\u00fcrmektedir. Dolay\u0131s\u0131yla bu yaz\u0131m\u0131zda
Fikret\u2019in a\u015fk maceras\u0131n\u0131n izini s\u00fcrmeye ve \u201cTesad\u00fcf\u201d \u015fiirlerinin ilham
kayna\u011f\u0131n\u0131 tespit etmeye \u00e7al\u0131\u015faca\u011f\u0131z.

Fikret\u2019in 1886 y\u0131l\u0131nda yay\u0131mlad\u0131\u011f\u0131
B\u00ee-ser \u00fc p\u00e2 gamz-\u0131 de\u015ft-i bel\u00e2 p\u00fby\u00e2n\u0131y\u0131z
Hayli demdir bir b\u00fct-i \u00e2h\u00fb-nigeh hayr\u00e2n\u0131y\u0131z[1]

beytiyle ba\u015flayan gazeli, ilk bak\u0131\u015fta hen\u00fcz Galatasaray Sultan\u00eesi
\u00f6\u011frencisiyken hayli zamand\u0131r ahu bak\u0131\u015fl\u0131 bir g\u00fczele \u00e2\u015f\u0131k oldu\u011funu ve bu
gazeli s\u00f6z konusu a\u015fk\u0131n ilham\u0131yla kaleme ald\u0131\u011f\u0131n\u0131 g\u00f6stermektedir. Fakat \u015fairin
\u201cTesad\u00fcf\u201d \u015fiirlerine gelinceye kadar yazd\u0131\u011f\u0131 a\u015fk \u015fiirleri kronolojik olarak
incelendi\u011finde, daha lise y\u0131llar\u0131nda ba\u015flayan bu a\u015fk\u0131n gelip ge\u00e7ici bir
\u00e7ocukluk yahut gen\u00e7lik hevesi olmad\u0131\u011f\u0131 a\u00e7\u0131k\u00e7a g\u00f6r\u00fcl\u00fcr. \u00d6yle ki onun b\u00fct\u00fcn
hayat\u0131na bu a\u015fk\u0131n y\u00f6n verdi\u011fini ve hatta mizac\u0131n\u0131n \u015fekillenmesindeki en
b\u00fcy\u00fck \u00e2milin bu a\u015fk oldu\u011funu s\u00f6ylemek m\u00fcmk\u00fcnd\u00fcr. Nitekim o me\u00e7hul
sevgiliye,

Ben sana \u00e2\u015f\u0131k de\u011filim, bendeyim
H\u00e2k-i der-i p\u00e2kine efgendeyim[2]

diyecek kadar tutkuyla ba\u011flanm\u0131\u015f olan \u015fair, ilk gen\u00e7lik y\u0131llar\u0131n\u0131, vuslat
\u00fcmidiyle b\u00fcy\u00fctt\u00fc\u011f\u00fc \u00e2\u015f\u0131kane fakat bir o kadar da tedirgin ve buruk bir saadet
i\u00e7inde ge\u00e7irir. \u00c7\u00fcnk\u00fc s\u00f6z konusu gazelle ayn\u0131 tarihlerde yazd\u0131\u011f\u0131 bir ba\u015fka
\u015fiirinde, evvel\u00e2 \u201chayli demdir\u201d \u00e2\u015f\u0131k oldu\u011fu halde a\u015fk\u0131n\u0131 itiraf edemedi\u011fi ve
\u00fcstelik her nedense \u201cbirka\u00e7 senedir\u201d de ayr\u0131 d\u00fc\u015ft\u00fc\u011f\u00fc sevgilisinin hasretiyle
ac\u0131 i\u00e7inde k\u0131vrand\u0131\u011f\u0131 anla\u015f\u0131lan \u015fair

Bir l\u00e2hza-i vuslat bana ettirdi fer\u00e2m\u00fb\u015f

Birka\u00e7 senedir \u00e7ekti\u011fimi firkatinizden
Ben g\u00f6rm\u00fcyorum kuvve-i fikriyyemi k\u00e2f\u00ee
Bahs etmek i\u00e7in do\u011frusu m\u00e2hiyyetinizden
Ger\u00e7i ederim vasl\u0131n\u0131za ra\u011fbetim izh\u00e2r
Amma d\u00fc\u015ferim korkusu var ra\u011fbetinizden
Kimdi g\u00fczelim, neydi sebep d\u00fcnk\u00fc o h\u00e2le?
D\u00f6nm\u00fc\u015ft\u00fcn\u00fcz \u00e2te\u015flere hep hiddetinizden
(R\u00e2g\u0131b de\u011filim sohbetine) dersiniz amm\u00e2
Ma\u2019l\u00fbm oluyor ra\u011fbetiniz da\u2019vetinizden
B\u00ee-\u00e7\u00e2renizi bo\u011fdu yine zulmet-i \u00e2l\u00e2m
F\u0131rsat bularak d\u00fcn gece gayb\u00fbbetinizden[3]

dizelerinde g\u00f6r\u00fcld\u00fc\u011f\u00fc gibi sevgilisiyle bulu\u015ftu\u011fu k\u0131sa bir an\u0131 tasvir
etmektedir. Buna g\u00f6re sevdi\u011fi k\u0131z birka\u00e7 senelik ayr\u0131l\u0131\u011f\u0131n ard\u0131ndan bir ak\u015fam
\u015fairi davet etmi\u015f ve onunla g\u00f6r\u00fc\u015f\u00fcp konu\u015fmak istemi\u015ftir. Fakat yukar\u0131daki
dizelerde hem bu davetin sebebi hem de sevdi\u011fi k\u0131z\u0131n kendisine olan ra\u011fbeti
m\u00fcphem b\u0131rak\u0131lm\u0131\u015ft\u0131r. Bununla beraber sevdi\u011fi k\u0131z\u0131n hiddetinden deliye
d\u00f6nm\u00fc\u015f oldu\u011funu ifade eden \u015fair, b\u00f6ylesine bir hiddete kimin yahut neyin
sebep oldu\u011funu bilemedi\u011fini s\u00f6ylese de \u201cKimdi g\u00fczelim, neydi sebep d\u00fcnk\u00fc

o h\u00e2le?\u201d dizesindeki \u201cKimdi?\u201d sorusuna bu davetin ve bulu\u015fman\u0131n sebebini

kodlam\u0131\u015f gibidir. Buradan sevdi\u011fi k\u0131z\u0131n birine yahut bir \u015feye a\u015f\u0131r\u0131 derecede
hiddetlenmi\u015f ve muhtemelen \u00f6teden beri tan\u0131d\u0131\u011f\u0131 ve nadir de olsa zaman
zaman g\u00f6r\u00fc\u015ft\u00fc\u011f\u00fc \u015fairle -her ne kadar \u201cR\u00e2g\u0131b de\u011filim sohbetine\u201d demi\u015f olsa
da- kendisini hiddetlendiren meseleye dair sohbet ederek rahatlamak istedi\u011fi
anla\u015f\u0131lmaktad\u0131r. Ancak buradaki \u201cKimdi?\u201d sorusunun muhatab\u0131n\u0131n \u015fairin
kendisi olmad\u0131\u011f\u0131 a\u00e7\u0131kt\u0131r. \u00c7\u00fcnk\u00fc sevdi\u011fi k\u0131z, \u015fairin hayli zamand\u0131r kendisine
duydu\u011fu a\u015fktan hen\u00fcz haberdar de\u011fildir. O halde bu sorunun muhatab\u0131
muhtemelen sevdi\u011fi k\u0131z\u0131n g\u00f6nl\u00fcn\u00fc kapt\u0131rd\u0131\u011f\u0131 \u00fc\u00e7\u00fcnc\u00fc bir ki\u015fi olmal\u0131d\u0131r. Ve yine
ihtimal ki sevdi\u011fi k\u0131zla bulu\u015ftuklar\u0131 zaman aralar\u0131nda cereyan eden muhavere
pek de iyi gitmedi\u011fi anla\u015f\u0131lan bu g\u00f6n\u00fcl meselesi etraf\u0131nda cereyan etmi\u015ftir.
Zira yukar\u0131daki m\u0131sralarda \u015fair, sevdi\u011finin sebebini tahmin etmeye
\u00e7al\u0131\u015ft\u0131\u011f\u0131m\u0131z bu hiddetli an\u0131n\u0131, sanki il\u00e2n-\u0131 a\u015fk etmek i\u00e7in uygun bir f\u0131rsat
olarak d\u00fc\u015f\u00fcnm\u00fc\u015f de bunun ters bir etki yaratmas\u0131 halinde onun ra\u011fbetinden
d\u00fc\u015ferek vuslat \u00fcmidini b\u00fcsb\u00fct\u00fcn kaybetmekten korktu\u011fu i\u00e7in bu giri\u015fiminden
vazge\u00e7mi\u015f hissi uyand\u0131rmaktad\u0131r. Ancak \u015fimdilik her ne sebeple olursa olsun
sevdi\u011fi k\u0131z\u0131 arada bir g\u00f6rebilme ihtimalinin bile \u015fair i\u00e7in uzun zamand\u0131r
\u00e7ekti\u011fi tek tarafl\u0131 a\u015fk \u0131st\u0131rab\u0131n\u0131n tek tesellisi oldu\u011funu s\u00f6ylemekle yetinelim.

Bu \u015fiirlerden sonra be\u015f senelik uzunca bir zaman dilimi i\u00e7inde Fikret\u2019in
yay\u0131mlad\u0131\u011f\u0131 herhangi bir \u015fiire tesad\u00fcf edilmez. Fakat \u015fairin 1891 y\u0131l\u0131nda
Mirsad dergisinde ard\u0131 ard\u0131na ne\u015fretti\u011fi a\u015fk \u015fiirlerinden \u00e7o\u011funun bu s\u00fcre
zarf\u0131nda yaz\u0131ld\u0131\u011f\u0131 ve s\u00f6z konusu a\u015fk maceras\u0131n\u0131n da yine bu zaman dilimi
i\u00e7inde akim kald\u0131\u011f\u0131 anla\u015f\u0131lmaktad\u0131r. [4] Zira \u201cB\u00fbse-\u00e7\u00een\u201d [5] adl\u0131 \u015fiirinde sevdi\u011fi
k\u0131zla s\u0131k s\u0131k \u201cg\u00fcl bah\u00e7elerinde seyran edip\u201d mutluluklar\u0131yla \u201cg\u00fclzara safa
ver\u201ddiklerini s\u00f6yleyen ve sevgilisinin \u201c\u00e2\u015f\u0131klara can bah\u015feden duda\u011f\u0131n\u0131\u201d tavsif
ederken

Ne oldum ben de bilmem b\u00f6yle derken
O m\u00e2h\u0131n b\u00fbse-\u00e7\u00een oldum lebinden
O dem elverdi hayret kalb \u00fc c\u00e2na,
O \u00e2n-\u0131 hayreti vermem cih\u00e2na!...

diyecek kadar da onunla bu zaman dilimi i\u00e7inde yak\u0131nla\u015fm\u0131\u015f olan \u015fair, her
nedense bu vuslat demlerinin ne\u015fesini zehirleyen garip bir ayr\u0131l\u0131k hissiyle
daima tedirgin olmakta ve bu zehirli duyguyu \u201c\u0130le\u2019l-Ebed\u201d [6] ba\u015fl\u0131kl\u0131
\u015fiirindeki

Yaz\u0131k! \u015eu ne\u015f\u2019emi tesm\u00eem ederdi hiss-i fir\u00e2k,
D\u00fc\u015ferdi r\u00fbhuma her ayr\u0131l\u0131\u015fta bir ahker;
Evet, bu hiss, bu mer\u00e2k
Verirdi a\u015fk\u0131ma bir had\u015fe-i mel\u00e2l-\u00e2ver.
G\u00fcler g\u00f6r\u00fcr de o \u00e7e\u015fm-i siy\u00e2h\u0131 a\u011flard\u0131m.
Cih\u00e2nda bir bu iken r\u00fbhumun temenn\u00e2s\u0131;
Evet, ben anlard\u0131m:
O tatl\u0131 giryelerin ayr\u0131l\u0131kt\u0131 ma\u2019n\u00e2s\u0131.
Ge\u00e7ip teh\u00e2\u015f\u00ee-i firkatle hep ley\u00e2l-i vis\u00e2l
Sab\u00e2h olurdu s\u00fck\u00fbn bulmadan tahass\u00fcrler;
Evet, ge\u00e7erdi ley\u00e2l,
B\u00fcy\u00fcrd\u00fc beslenip \u00fcmm\u00eed ile teess\u00fcrler\u2026

m\u0131sralar\u0131yla dile getirmektedir. \u00d6yle anla\u015f\u0131l\u0131yor ki \u015fair bu s\u00fcre zarf\u0131nda sevdi\u011fi
k\u0131za a\u015fk\u0131n\u0131 itiraf etmi\u015f ancak ufak tefek mukabeleler d\u0131\u015f\u0131nda ondan ger\u00e7ek
anlamda bir kar\u015f\u0131l\u0131k g\u00f6rememi\u015ftir. Bunun bir\u00e7ok sebebi olabilir elbet. Ancak
yukar\u0131da yorumlamaya \u00e7al\u0131\u015ft\u0131\u011f\u0131m\u0131z gibi en muhtemel sebep, sevdi\u011fi k\u0131z\u0131n bir
ba\u015fkas\u0131yla \u015fu veya bu \u015fekilde bir g\u00f6n\u00fcl ba\u011f\u0131n\u0131n bulunmas\u0131, buna ra\u011fmen
\u015fairin kendisine duydu\u011fu b\u00fcy\u00fck a\u015fka kay\u0131ts\u0131z kalamayarak bir s\u00fcre onunla
zaman ge\u00e7irmesi, fakat bu s\u00fcre zarf\u0131nda s\u00f6z konusu g\u00f6n\u00fcl ba\u011f\u0131ndan
kurtulamad\u0131\u011f\u0131 i\u00e7in \u015fairin a\u015fk\u0131na ayn\u0131yla mukabele edememi\u015f olmas\u0131d\u0131r. Zira
\u015fairin y\u0131llard\u0131r i\u00e7inde besleyip b\u00fcy\u00fctt\u00fc\u011f\u00fc vuslat \u00fcmidinin bu zaman zarf\u0131nda
her ge\u00e7en g\u00fcn biraz daha g\u00fc\u00e7lenen garip bir ayr\u0131l\u0131k duygusuyla b\u00fcsb\u00fct\u00fcn
solup gitmesi ve sevdi\u011fi k\u0131zla g\u00fczel vakitler ge\u00e7irirken bile kendisini her an
terk edilme tehlikesiyle burun buruna hissetmesi bu ihtimali
kuvvetlendirmektedir. Nihayet bir s\u00fcre sonra \u015fairin korktu\u011fu ba\u015f\u0131na gelecek
ve

Neden muameleniz ba\u015fkala\u015ft\u0131 hakk\u0131mda,
Ne etmi\u015fim size ben ihtir\u00e2mdan ba\u015fka[7]

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