Air-conditioning is one of the major consumers of electrical energy in many parts of the world today and already today air-conditioning causes energy shortage in forexample China. The demand can be expected to increase because of changingworking times, increased comfort expectations and global warming. Air-conditioningsystems in use are most often built around a vapor compression systems driven bygrid-electricity. However, most ways of generating the electricity today, as well as therefrigerants being used in traditional vapor compression systems, have negativeimpact on the environment.Solar air-conditioning might be a way to reduce the demand for electricity. In additionmany solar air-conditioning systems are constructed in ways that eliminate the needfor CFC, HCFC or HFC refrigerants.Alternatives to using solar energy are to use waste heat from different industrial proc-esses such as refineries, garbage treatment facilities etc. Even driving the air-conditioning systems directly with fossil fuels might in some cases be a more environ-mental friendly alternative than using electricityThis report deals with a wide range of components, from room air-conditioners tosolar collectors, which can be used as subcomponents in a solar air-conditioningsystem. However, most of the components and subsystems covered are not onlysuitable for solar air-conditioning.Some components are used for electrically, mechanically or heat driven air-conditioning. And of course other sources of mechanical energy or heat could be usedfor powering these components.Other components are used for solar energy collection and storage, which can be usedin solar energy system with other purposes than just driving a solar air-conditioningsystem.An aim of the report is to describe and explain the working principles of thecomponents and subsystem in such general terms that the report is usable not only tothose specifically interested in solar air conditioning, but to anyone interested in airconditioning, heat driven air-conditioning and solar energy.The last section of the report briefly deals with how the components can be combinedto form a complete solar air-conditioning system.
Solar Air-Conditioning Systems
Focus on components and their working principlesNathan Rona
Building Services Engineering, Department of Building Technology
CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGYGöteborg, Sweden
Air conditioning, Absorption chillers systems, Cogeneration, Heatdriven air conditioning, Solar air conditioning, Solar energy, Solar equipment, Solarheat engines,Thermal Heat Pumps, Waste heat utilization.III