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Global Fact Sheet 2012 TB

Global Fact Sheet 2012 TB

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Published by: bellamaj on Jan 14, 2013
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TUBERCULOSIS
WHO Global TuberculosisReport 2012
TB SITUATION AND ACCESS TO CARE51 million peoplesuccessfully treated,1995-201120 million lives savedthrough DOTS and theStop TB Strategy, 1995-2011Slow progress in MDR-TBcase detection andtreatment access
 
World on track to achieve 2015 targets for reductions in incidence and mortality,but Africa and Europe not on track for 50% mortality decline.
NEW DIAGNOSTICS
The
roll-out of Xpert MTB/RIF
, a rapid molecular test thatcan diagnose TB and rifampicin resistance within 100 minuteshas been impressive. Between its endorsement by WHO inDecember 2010 and the end of June 2012,
1.1 million tests
 had been
purchased
by
67 low- and middle-incomecountries
; South Africa with 37% of purchased tests, is theleading adopter.
FINANCING FOR TB CARE AND CONTROL
Between
2013 and 2015
up to
US$ 8 billion per year
is
needed
in low- and middle-income countries to implementexisting interventions, with a
funding gap
of up to
US$ 3 bil-lion
per year. The
funding gap
for
research anddevelopment
was
US$1.4 billion
in 2010.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
New
or
re-purposed TB drugs
and
novel TB regimens
totreat drug-sensitive or drug-resistant TB are
advancing inclinical trials
and
regulatory review
.
Eleven vaccines
toprevent TB are moving through
development stages.
*2014-2015 investment by national governments in low and middle -income countries is projected using IMF forecasts of GDP per capita;Global Fund and other grants are assumed constant at 2013 levels.
US$ 3BILLIONGAP
 
FUNDS AND GAPS
TB CARE8.7 million
people
fell ill with TB
in 2011, including
1.1million
cases among
people with HIV
.In 2011,
1.4 million people died from TB
, including
430 000
 among people who were
HIV-positive
.TB is one of the
top killers of women
worldwide,
half amillion women died
from TB in 2011.The
TB mortality rate
has
decreased 41%
since 1990.In 2011,
5.8 million
newly diagnosed cases were
notified
to
national TB control programmes (NTPs).
This is still
onlytwo-thirds
of the estimated
total of 8.7 million people whofell ill
with TB
in 2011.Cambodia
provides a
new success story in TB care andcontrol
and demonstrates what can be achieved in a low-income and high-burden country with recommendedapproaches. New data show a
45% decrease in TBprevalence between 2002 and 2011
.
TB/HIV CO-INFECTION
An estimated
1.3 million lives
were
saved
globally between2005 and 2011 by
implementing collaborative TB/HIVactivities
.Globally,
48%
of the
TB patients
known to be living
with HIV
 in 2011 were
started on antiretroviral therapy
(ART).
MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT TB
In 2011, there were an estimated
310
 
000 cases ofmultidrug-resistant TB
(
MDR-TB
) among notified TB patientswith pulmonary TB. Almost
60%
of these cases were
in India,China
and the
Russian Federation
.The number of
MDR-TB
cases notified in the 27 high MDR-TBburden countries
doubled
between 2009 and 2011, and
reached about 60 000
worldwide.
This is
 
only one in five(19%)
of the
MDR-TB cases
estimated to exist among notifiedTB patients. In the
two countries
with the
largest number ofestimated cases
, the figure is
less than one in ten
.

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