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Physics Numerical

Physics Numerical

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Published by muzammalsafdar
This document contain numerical of physics of F.Sc Physics (11th year) of Pakistan punjab text book.
This document contain numerical of physics of F.Sc Physics (11th year) of Pakistan punjab text book.

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Published by: muzammalsafdar on Jan 15, 2013
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10/20/2013

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Numerical Chapter No.5 Circular Motion F.Sc 1
st 
part 
P.No.5.1:- A tiny laser beam is directed from the Earth to the Moon. If the beam isto have a diameter of 2.50m at the moon, how small must divergence angle be forthe beam? The distance of Moon from the Earth is
8
3.810
m
×
.Solution:-Given Data:-
Length of arc = S = 2.50m (Diameter of beam)Radius of circular arc = r =
8
3.810
m
×
(The distance of Moon from the Earth)
To Determine:-
Angle =
θ 
= ?
Calculation:-
Using the relation. 
889
,;2.503.8100.657106.610:
S  Putting the given values we get mm By Muzammal Safdar rad Ans
θ θ θ θ θ 
===×= ×= ×
P.No5.2:- A gramophone record turntable from rest to an angular velocity of 45.0
1
min
rev
in 1.60s. What is its average angular velocity?Solution:-Given Data:-
Initial angular velocity =0
i
ω 
=
Final angular velocity =
1
45.0min1min6012
 f  
rev s and rev
ω π 
= = =
 
1
45.021.560
rads s
π π 
×= =
Time = t = 1.60s
To Determine:-
Average angular acceleration =
α 
= ?
Calculation:-
Using the relation
 
 
1
1.501.60
 f i
rads s
ω ω α π α 
==
 
111 12
1.53.143.141.604.711.602.9422.942:
radsas srads By Muzammal Safdar  srads srads Ans
α π α α α 
×= ====
P.No.5.3:- A body of moment of inertia
2
0.80
 I kgm
=
about a fixed axis, rotates witha constant angular velocity of 
1
100
rads
. Calculate the angular momentum “L” andthe torque to sustain this motion.Solution:-Given Data:-
Moment of inertia =
2
0.80
 I kgm
=
Angular Velocity =
1
100
rads
ω 
=
To determine:-
Angular momentum = L = ?Torque =
τ 
= ?
Calculation:-
Using the relation
( )
2 12 112 1112 2 2 2 11 1
,;0.80100808011801180:
 L  Now substituting the given values we get  L kgm rads L kgm s By Muzammal Safdar  s L kgm s s L kgm s kgm s J and s s s s L Js Ans By Muzammal Safdar 
ω 
== ×== ×= × = = ==
Q
 Now for calculating the torque we use 
 I 
τ α 
=
Here angular acceleration is zero only because the body is moving with constant angular velocity and we know from the theory that angular acceleration is the rate of change of angular velocity so acceleration is zero and torque is also zero because torque is the product of moment of inertia and angular acceleration.So,00:
 I Ans
τ 
= × =
Problem No.5.4:- Consider the rotating cylinder shown in fig. Suppose thatM=5.0kg, F=0.60N and r=0.20m. Calculate (a) Torque
τ 
acting on the cylinder (b)
 
The angular acceleration
α 
of the cylinder. (Moment of inertia of cylinder
2
12
 I MR
=
)Solution:-Given Data:-
Mass of Cylinder = M = 5.0kgForce acting on cylinder = F = 0.60NRadius of cylinder or the distance from the point of application of force to the axisOf rotation = r = 0.20m
To Determine:-
00 0
()sin90sin90sin901,;0.200.600.12:
 Part a for finding torquerF  from the figure we know that force and radius are perpendicular to each other sorF rF By Muzammal Safdar Substituting the given values we get m  Nm Ans
τ θ θ τ τ τ τ 
=== === ×=
 
222 22 22 2 2
(),1()212,;10.125.0(0.20)(1)20.122.5.00.400.242.
 Part b for finding angular acceleration I asI MR given MR By Muzammal Safdar Substituting the given values we get  Nm kg m N kgmskgms m kg mkgm s m
τ α τ α α α α 
= == ×= × × × =× = × ×= ×
2 222
0.24..2..0.12:
kg m s By Muzammal Safdar kg mrads Ans
α α 
==
 
P.No.5.5:- Calculate the angular momentum of a star of mass
30
2.010
kg 
×
andradius
5
7.010
km
×
. If it makes one complete rotation about its axis once in 20 days,what is its kinetic energy?Solution:-Given Data:-
Mass of star = M =
30
2.010
kg 
×
Radius of star =
5 5 3 8 3
7.0107.010107.010110
r km m m km m
= × = × × = × =
Time period of star = T = 20days202460601728000
 s s
= × × × =
To Determine:-
Angular momentum of star = L = ?

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