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Muscular Control of Movement

Muscular Control of Movement

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Exercise Physiology
Exercise Physiology

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Published by: Mozil Fadzil Kamarudin on Jan 15, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/15/2013

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SPS211/FSRUiTM
Skeletal Muscle:
 
Structure & Function
 
SPS211/FSRUiTM
Skeletal Muscle:Structure & Function
The human body contain over 400 skeletal muscles, whichconstitute 40-50% of the total body weight.
3 functions:
Force generation for locomotion & breathing
Force generation for postural support
Heat production during periods of cold stress
Skeletal muscles are attached to bones through a connectivetissue called tendon
One end of the muscle is attached to the bone that does notmove (origin), while the opposite end in fixed to a bone(insertion) that is move during muscular contraction.
Muscles that decrease joint angle are call
flexors
, while musclethat increase joint angle are called
extensors
 
SPS211/FSRUiTM
Structure of Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal muscle is composed of several kind of tissues,include muscle cells, nerve, blood and various type of connective tissue
Individual muscle are separate from each other and inposition by a connective tissue call
Fascia
There are 3 separate layer:
Epimysium (outer layer)
Perimysium (middle layer)
Endomysium (inner layer)
The cell membrane surrounding the muscle cell is calledthe
S
arcolemma.
Beneath the sarcolemma lies the
Sarcoplasm
(cytoplasm)which contain myofibrils.

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