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Essay Energy of B&HAidaa Final

Essay Energy of B&HAidaa Final

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Published by Aida Buljubašić

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Published by: Aida Buljubašić on Jan 16, 2013
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Economic Development and Transition Aida Buljubasic,Sarajevo School of Science and Technology 
1
 
Sarajevo School of Science and Technology January, 2009
Economic Development and Transition
Research paper:
The Energy Sector of Bosnia andHerzegovina through EU integrations andtransition
Professor:
Prof. Vjekoslav Domjan
 Assistant:
Samira Nuhanovi
ć
 
Student:
 
 Aida Buljubašić
 
 
Economic Development and Transition Aida Buljubasic,Sarajevo School of Science and Technology 
2
 
 Abstract
The aim of this paper was to research and describe the current situation andposition of the Energy Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina, on its way to EUintegrations and the transition process. Through a brief account of the history 
since Bosnia and Herzegovina’s independence and till today’s constitutional
structure, this paper seeks to give a clear picture of the current position. Eventhough the Energy Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina is on a very high level of complexity, this paper concludes with recommendations of possible solutions.
 
Economic Development and Transition Aida Buljubasic,Sarajevo School of Science and Technology 
3
 
Introduction
Since the collapse of the former Yugoslavia in 1992, the countries of WesternBalkans, especially Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), have experienced massiveeconomic and political changes. Current constitutional structure is set up of twostate-like entities, the Federation of BiH (Federation), and the Republika Srpska(RS), and District Brcko. This means that BiH is highly decentralized; theFederation is further decentralized consisting of ten cantons.The complexity of political and organizational structures extends to the energy sector where the state-like entities own and oversee three electric powercompanies, an oil refinery, natural gas transmission and distribution utilities,and coal mines. District heating facilities fall under the responsibility of municipal (RS) and cantonal governments (Federation). This is a uniquearrangement that has emerged as a consequence of the complicated and complexpolitical situation.One of the main problems facing the energy sector in BiH today includes anunclear authority over energy issues, the absence of a long-term energy strategy on the state level, and the absence of energy statistics and laws. Based onavailable data, production and consumption of energy and the condition of energy infrastructure have not yet reached the pre-war level. With the existinglevel of energy intensity, more than 20 percent of the national GDP is spent onenergy, a clear indicator that significantly more attention has to be paid to energy efficiency.The main issue of BiH is the lack of legal and political basis and the will forefficient decision-making and for delegation of responsibilities for energy andenergy efficiency to different levels of government.
 At the same time by 
signing the

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