Machloket boils down to what “Avel Yeish Lo Ain Mi-Akvin” means. The Behag arguesit means one has all 4 Minim, but they can be lifted one at a time. Rashi explains this tomean that one has them but can’t lift them with the Eged. Lacking an Eged doesn’tdisqualify the Mitzvah. It is however, still necessary to lift all 4 Minim simultaneously.There are several other Halachik positions that may further illustrate thisChakirah. Potentially the strongest ramification of the 4 Minim’s independence is anopinion quoted by Tosfot (Menachot 27a). The Yeish Mifarshim regarding days 2-7
,doesn’t mandate one to lift all 4 Minim
. Simply lifting any one Min is sufficient todischarge one’s obligation. This clearly assumes there is value in each specific Min, evenwhen unaccompanied by the other Minim
.Another potential Nafka Minah to this Chakirah would be if there ever is a casewhere one makes a Bracha “Al Mitzvat Etrog,” “Al Mitzvat Hadas” or “Al MitzvatArava.” The Taz (Orach Chaim 641:16), deals, with a case where one lifted 4 Minim,and subsequently realized the Aravot were Pasul. That person must lift new, kosher,Aravot with the other kosher 3 Minim, and make a Bracha “Al Mitzvat Arava.” The factthat such a Bracha exist seems to suggest each Min has a life of it’s own. If the 4 Minimonly attained meaning when lifted together, it would be difficult to imagine why aseparate Bracha was given to each Min
.The Ramah (Orach Chaim 641:12) too has a case where one makes a separateBracha on each Min. His case is where one lifts each Min subsequent to the previousMin. Ideally, one Bracha should cover all 4 Minim, but if one spoke, creating a Hefsek, anew Bracha would be needed for each Min
.The most extreme position, regarding the Brachot, is accepted by the Meiri(Sukah 31a). He accepts the Behag that one can lift each Min separately, and argues one
Tosfot doesn’t mention if the Yeish Mifarshim is referring to days 2-7 in the Mikdash or days 2-7 B’GVullin on a Dirabanan level, Zecher L’Mikdash.
Presumably, there is no need for “L’Kicha Tamah” days 2-7. One may further suggestit is because all Drashot that are learned from words in the Pasuk before the word“Rishon” apply to the first day only, while Drashot learned from words after the word“Rishon” apply to all 7 days. (This Svara is actually suggested by Tosfot Sukah 29b)This would learn to a revolutionary conclusion. One person would be able to lift theLuluv for all Jews days 2-7, due to the fact each person’s responsibility to lift the Luluv islearned from “O-L’Kachta.” Tosfot himself rejects this position because of its potentialconclusion.
Most Rishinim and Achronim disagree. Some disagree because they argue the Minimonly attain value when all lifted together. Others may agree in principle that eachindividual Min may have value, but reject the application. After all, just because eachindividual has value doesn’t mean lifting each one alone is considered a Mitzvah.
If, however, a separate Bracha does not exist for each Min, it does not necessarilymean that meaning was attributed only when the 4 Minim were lifted together. One canargue that Chazal only created one Bracha. Tosfot in Menachot (27a), who believes days2-7 one can lift only one Min, and clearly subscribes to their independence, also says thaton that one Min, no matter which it is, one makes a Bracha of “Al Nitilat Luluv.”
The Mishneh Brura (641:51) notes the Bracha mentions the name of the Min, for example “Al Nitilat Etrog.”