1. clOsinG BacKGrOund checK lOOPhOlesTO KeeP Guns OuT OF danGerOus hands
Most gun owners buy their guns legally and use them saely, whether or sel-deense, hunting, orsport shooting. Yet too oten, irresponsible and dangerous individuals have been able to easilyget their hands on rearms. We must strengthen our eorts to keep guns rom alling into thewrong hands.
reQuire BacKGrOund checKs FOr all Gun sales
The single most important thing we can do to prevent gun violence and mass shootings, like the onein Newtown, is to make sure those who would commit acts o violence cannot get access to guns. Acritical tool in achieving that goal is the National Instant Criminal Background Check System, whichwas created by the Brady Act to ensure that guns are not sold to those prohibited rom buying them,including elons and those convicted o domestic violence. Over the last 14 years it has helped keepmore than 1.5 million guns out o the wrong hands. It is able to make 92 percent o background checkdeterminations on the spot. However, too many guns are still sold without a background check andtoo many individuals prohibited rom having a gun slip through the cracks. We need to strengthenthe system by requiring every gun buyer to go through a background check and ensuring that thebackground check system has complete inormation on people prohibited rom having guns.We should:
• Require criminal background checks for all gun sales:
Right now, ederally licensedrearms dealers are required to run background checks on those buying guns, but studiesestimate that nearly 40 percent o all gun sales are made by private sellers who are exemptrom this requirement. A national survey o inmates ound that only 12 percent o those whoused a gun in a crime acquired it rom a retail store or pawn shop, where a background checkshould have been run. Congress should pass legislation that goes beyond just closing the “gunshow loophole” to require background checks or all rearm sales, with limited, common-senseexceptions or cases like certain transers between amily members and temporary transers orhunting and sporting purposes.
• Call on licensed dealers and private sellers to do their part through executive action:
Private sellers can already choose to sell their guns through licensed dealers so the dealer canrun a background check on the buyer, and the Administration is calling on them to do so. TheBureau o Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) will send an open letter to licenseddealers giving them guidance on how best to acilitate these checks.