Additionally, Canada is emerging as a leader in thedevelopment o ood traceability standards. TheCanadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) introduced theCanadian Cattle Identication Program (CCIP) in 2001and the Sheep Identication Program in 2004. The CFIAhas begun implementing the National Agriculture andFood Traceability System (NAFTS), which aims to providetimely and relevant traceability inormation to enhanceemergency response and market competitiveness. Andin 2006, GS1 Canada released Can-Trace, a set o datastandards and requirements or national whole-chainall-product ood traceability
The technological response
The growth in regulation has led to the developmento an entire industry providing technological traceabilitysolutions to consumer businesses. Traceability systemsinclude both hardware (ID tags, printers and scanners)and sotware components (ePedigree, serialization andtrack-and-trace). The principal sotware components are
While there is debate over which technical platormsor standards or traceability systems will prevail, the
Electronic systems will likely prevailover paper-based traceability systems as they oereciency and cost advantages, and are currentlypromoted by both the FDA and European Federationo Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA).
RFID technology will likely prevailover 2D barcodes due to its advantage in speed,range and storage capacity, as well as its unique abilityto scan multiple items at once rom any orientation.In addition, the cost o RFID technology is expected toall to 5 cents per tag.
The transmission protocol:
over EDI as it allows or platorm-independentdata compression with aster transmission rates.GS1 Health and EPC Global recently developed an
has been backed by the FDA.
(ERP) systems are likely to prevail over best-o-breedtraceability solutions as they oer seamless integrationwith enterprise systems. Major ERP players SAP andOracle already oer traceability modules as part otheir product suites, while smaller best-o-breed track-and-trace rms are likely to be acquired by otherERP vendors.
Map o global lie sciences and ood traceability regulations
Identication Program(CCIP) requires cattle to betagged with unique ID
number and a serial number
implementation o 13 digit ID code or pharma products
World Health Organization
Taskorce (IMPACT) to promote awareness o drugcountereiting and encourage cooperation among leadingplayers in anti-countereiting legislation launched
paper based pedigrees
deadline or ePedigreerequirements to 2015
requirements orpharmaceutical products,led by the FDA
countereiting through the State Foodand Drug Administration (SFDA)
manuacturers, re-packagers, andimporters to be registered with the SFDA,and to print serial numbers on all saleableunits, cases, and pallets
consultations withindustry experts ondeveloping a drugtraceability systemin Brazil
Sotware elements o traceability systemBrie description
ePedigreeUsed to generate an electronic maniestthat contains shipment details, includinglot number, serial number and detailsrelated to manuacturing, packaging andinvoicing.SerializationUsed to generate unique serial numbersor every unit produced that can beused to trace the product across thesupply chain.Track and traceSystems that help veriy the authenticityo the product based on a unique serialnumber or lot number printed on theunit packaging.