L35_ch09-The Americas: A Separate World- The Earliest AmericansTimeline:
40,000 BCE - 700 CE
Native America builds a Foundation for Great Civilizations.
While civilizations were developing in Africa, Asia, and Europe, they were also emerging in the Americas.Human settlement in the Americas is relatively recent compared to that in other parts of the world. However, it followed asimilar pattern. At first the ancient people of the Americas survived mainly by hunting. Over time, they developed farmingmethods that ensured a more reliable supply of food. This in turn led to the growth of the first civilizations in the Americas.The cultures of the first Americans, including social organization, developed in ways similar to other early cultures.
Explain the role the Ice Age played in contributing to the arrival of modern hunter-gatherers in the WesternHemisphere.
Describe a scenario whereby modern hunter-gatherers found the route to the Western Hemisphere.
Identify at least three topographic regions that nurtured complex Native American societies.
List three Native American agricultural products that have significantly impacted human civilizations to this veryday.
Indian vs. Native American:
Which is academically appropriate and why?
Bering’s Strait Land Bridge:
A land bridge exposed when water levels dropped during the last Ice Age(Ending ~12000 BP).
Asia, Africa, & Europe
North & South America
Prior to the 1492 arrival date of Columbus in the Americas.
II. Land Bridge: Theories Regarding Native American Origins & Societal DevelopmentA.
Migration via the Bering’s Strait Land Bridge ~50000 BP. This may be the leading theory in this field today.
Pre-Columbian Contact with Old World Civilizations1. Vikings2. Polynesian3. Ancient Egypt, Chinese, Tribes of Israel (these are lacking physical & literary evidencecompared with other theories)
III. Native America's Geography & the Societies they SupportedA.
Great Plains (eg. ancestors of Sioux, Blackfoot, etc.)
Mississippi River Valley (eg. ancestors of Mississippian Culture=> Mound Builders)
Woodland (eg. ancestors of The Iroquois, etc.)
Listen to a podcast sponsored by The Gilder-Lehrman Institute of American History (GLI). Learn the latest about Pre-Columbian America from one ofnation’s important historians.
Brown University, July 22, 2008 Running Time: 45:00
Recent research on the Mound Builders of the famous Cahokia site can be accessed from the GLI website