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Primary Sector

Primary Sector

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Published by: husain_2225760 on Feb 10, 2009
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05/06/2013

 
Primary sector,agricultureThe
primary sector of theeconomy
involves changingnatural resourcesinto primary products. Most products from this sector are considered raw materials for other industries. Major businesses in this sector includeagriculture, agribusiness, fishing, forestryand allminingandquarrying industries.
Agriculture in India
has a long historydating back to ten thousand years. Today, Indiaranks secondworldwide in farm output.Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry, loggingand fishingaccounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007, employed 60% of  the total workforce
and despite a steady decline of its share in the GDP, is still thelargest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economicdevelopment of India.Forestry
is a major government enterprise in
which faces the challenges of dwindling forest cover area due tooverpopulation,farmingand environmental factors. Many forests in the mid-1990s are found in high-rainfall, high-altitude regions, areas towhich access is difficult. About 20 percent of total forestland is inMadhya Pradesh; other states with significant forests areOrissa,Maharashtra, andAndhra Pradesh (each with about 9 percent of the national total);Arunachal Pradesh(7 percent); andUttar Pradesh  (6 percent). The variety of forest vegetation is large: there are 600 species of hardwoods,sal(
Shorea robusta
) and teak being the principal economic species.Fishing
production has increased more than fivefold since
s independence and is amajor industry in the coastal states.Great potential exists for expanding the nation's fishing industry. India's exclusiveeconomic zone, stretching 200 nautical miles (370 km) into theIndian Ocean,encompasses more than 2 million square kilometers. In the mid-1980s, only about 33 percent of that area was being exploited. The potential annual catch from the area has
 
 been estimated at 4.5 million tons. In addition to this marine zone, India has about 14,000km² of brackish water available for aquaculture, of which only 600 km² were beingfarmed in the early 1990s; about 16,000 km² of freshwater lakes, ponds, and swamps; andnearly 64,000 kilometers of riversand streams. SecondryThe secondary sector of the economy includes those economic sectors that create afinished, usable product:manufacturing andconstruction. Mining
Mining
is the extraction of valuable mineralsor other  geologicalmaterials from the earth, usually from anorebody,veinor (coal
 
) seam. Materials recovered by mininginclude base metals, precious metals,iron, uranium, coal, diamonds,limestone, oil shale, rock saltand  potash. Any material that cannot be grown throughagriculturalprocesses, or  createdartificiallyin alaboratoryor  factory, is usually mined. Mining in a wider sense comprises extraction of anynon-renewable resource(e.g., petroleum,natural gas,or even water ).ConstructionIn the fields of architectureandcivil engineering, 
construction
is a process that consistsof the buildingor assembling of infrastructure.Far from being a singleactivity,large scale construction is a feat of  multitasking. Normally the job is managed by the  project manager  and supervised by the construction manager , design engineer ,construction engineer  or  project architect. TertiaryThe tertiary sector is defined by exclusion of the two other sectors.
Services are definedin conventional economic literature as "intangible goods".The tertiary sector of economy involves the provision of services to businesses as well asfinal consumers. Services may involve thetransport,distribution and sale of goods from

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