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UMD Essential Capacities

UMD Essential Capacities

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Published by: Premed on Feb 10, 2009
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06/14/2009

 
 
Essential Capacities for Matriculation, Promotion, and GraduationUniversity of Minnesota Medical School
I. General IssuesA. Overview
 
Medical education requires that the accumulation of scientific knowledge be accompanied by thesimultaneous development of specific skills and competencies. Because our Medical School has aresponsibility to society to graduate the best possible physicians, all students must meet both our academic standards and our technical standards to matriculate, to progress through the curriculum and tomeet the requirements for graduation from the University of Minnesota Medical School.
 Academic standards
refer to acceptable demonstrations of mastery in various disciplines, before matriculationand after, as judged by faculty members, examinations, and other measurements of performance. Acceptablelevels of mastery are required in six broad areas of competency once a student matriculates at the University of Minnesota Medical School. These six areas of competency are those used by graduate medical education programs to evaluate their residents.These six areas of competency are:
 
Medical/scientific knowledge
 
Clinical skills/patient care
 
Professionalism
 
Communication/interpersonal skills
 
Practice-based learning (engaging in self-assessment and utilizing appropriate resources to makeimprovements in one's learning and performance)
 
Systems-based practice (understanding complex medical systems in order to effectively carry outresponsibilities to optimize patient care)Through its curriculum, the University of Minnesota Medical School is committed to preparing our studentswithin the continuum of medical education. Our academic and technical standards are based upon the goal of graduating capable, well-rounded future clinicians.Academic standards are addressed in more detail during each course and clerkship. Any student who hasspecific questions about performance requirements should speak with course and clerkship directors.Our technical standards are described in detail under item II. Technical standards refer to the essential aptitudesand abilities that allow medical students (and physicians) to complete the preclinical curriculum and to performthe list of clinical skills described in the
University of Minnesota Medical School Competencies Required for Graduation
.
 
Without the capability to meet our technical standards, students cannot fulfill the requirements of all the coursesand clerkships at the University of Minnesota Medical School. Meeting the University of Minnesota MedicalSchool technical standards (detailed below) is, therefore, required for 1) matriculation (insomuch as the abilitiescan reasonably be determined before matriculation), 2) subsequent promotion from term to term, and 3)graduation from the University of Minnesota Medical School.
B. Students with Disabilities
It is our experience that a number of individuals with disabilities (as defined by Section 504 of theRehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act) are qualified to study and practice medicine withthe use of reasonable accommodations. To be qualified for the study of medicine at the University of MinnesotaMedical School, those individuals must be able to meet both our academic and technical standards, with or without reasonable accommodation. Accommodation is viewed as a means of assisting students with disabilitiesto meet essential standards by providing them with an equal opportunity to participate in all aspects of eachcourse or clerkship. (Reasonable accommodation is not intended to
 guarantee
that students will be successful inmeeting the requirements of the course or clerkship.)
1
C. The Use of Auxiliary Aids and Intermediaries
Qualified students with documented disabilities are provided with reasonable accommodations at the Universityof Minnesota Medical School, which may include involvement of an intermediary or an auxiliary aid. Nodisability can be reasonably accommodated at the University of Minnesota Medical School with anintermediary that provides cognitive support or substitutes for essential clinical skills, or supplements clinicaland ethical judgment. Thus, accommodations cannot eliminate essential program elements or fundamentallyalter the medical school curriculum.
II. The University of Minnesota Medical School Technical Standards
Students at the University of Minnesota Medical School must meet the technical standards, with or withoutreasonable accommodations, which are grouped in five broad areas:
 
Perception/observation
 
Communication
 
Motor/tactile function
 
Cognition
 
Professionalism
A. Perception/Observation
Students must be able to perceive, by the use of senses and mental abilities, the presentation of informationthrough:
 
Small group discussions and presentations
 
Large-group lectures
1
Reasonable accommodations may not:
 
Fundamentally alter the nature of the training program
 
Compromise the essential elements of the program
 
Cause an undue financial or administrative burden
 
Endanger the safety of patients, self or others
 
 
One-on-one interactions
 
Demonstrations
 
Laboratory experiments
 
Patient encounters (at a distance and close at hand)
 
Diagnostic findings
 
Procedures
 
Written material
 
Audiovisual material
B. Communication
Students must be able to skillfully (in English) communicate verbally and in written form with facultymembers, other members of the healthcare team, patients, families, and other students, in order to:
 
Elicit information
 
Convey information
 
Clarify information
 
Create rapport
 
Develop therapeutic relationships
 
Demonstrate competencies used by graduate medical education, as well as the
University of MinnesotaMedical School Competencies Required for Graduation.
C. Motor/tactile function
Students must have sufficient motor function and tactile ability to meet the competencies required for graduation and to:
 
Attend (and participate in) classes, groups, and activities which are part of the curriculum
 
Communicate in a written format
 
Examine patients (including observation, auscultation, palpation, percussion, and other diagnosticmaneuvers)
 
Do basic laboratory procedures and tests
 
Perform diagnostic procedures
 
Provide general and emergency patient care
 
Function in outpatient, inpatient, and surgical venues
 
Perform in a reasonably independent and competent way in sometimes chaotic clinical environments
 
Demonstrate the core competencies used by graduate medical education, as well as the
University of Minnesota Medical School Competencies Required for Graduation.
 
D. Cognition
Students must be able to demonstrate higher-level cognitive abilities, which include:
 
Rational thought
 
Measurement
 
Calculation
 
Visual-spatial comprehension
 
Conceptualization
 
Analysis
 
Synthesis
 
Organization
 
Representation (oral, written, diagrammatic, three dimensional)

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