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geodezija

geodezija

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Published by: nermina_mumi_muminovic on Jan 17, 2013
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01/03/2014

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I N T E R N A C I O N A L N I U N I V E R Z I T E TT R A V N I K
S A O B R A Ć A J N I F A K U L T E T E
 
SAOBRAĆAJNO – 
 
GRAĐEVINSKO INŽENJERSTVO
 Tema: GEODETSKI RADOVI U POJEDINIM GRANAMA
GRAĐEVINARSTVA
 (Vrste instrumenata u Geodeziji)
S E M I N A R S K I R A DPredmet: Geodezija
Mentor: Doc. d
r. sc Stević Dragan
 
Student: Nermina Muminović
 Br. Indexsa: S
 – 
16
 – 
I / 11
Travnik, Siječan 2013
.
 
2
Sadržaj:
 
Strana
 1.
 
UVOD ................................................................................................................................................4
2.
 
PREDMET GEODEZIJE ..............................................................................................................6
 
3.
 
PODJELA GEODEZIJE ................................................................................................................6
4.
 
GEODETSKI RADOVI U POJEDINIM GRANAMA
GRAĐEVINARSTVA
.....................................................................................................................6
 
5.
 
GEODETSKI RADOVI KOD PROJEKTOVANJA I GRAĐENJA PUTEVA,ŽELJEZNICA I AERODROMA
.....................................................................................................7
6.
 
RADOVI U CILJU ODREĐIVANJA VELIĈINE POMIJERANJA GRAĐEVINE ILI
TLA....................................................................................................................................................9
 
6.1.
 
Metode za odreĊivanje
pomijeranja i deformacija ..........................................................96.2.
 
Koordinacija metoda mjerenja ........................................................................................116.3.
 
Naĉin odreĊivanja položaja toĉaka zajedniĉkog
skupa ............................................126.4.
 
Klasiĉne geodetske metode
.............................................................................................136.5.
 
Metode presijecanja .........................................................................................................136.6.
 
Metoda poligonskog vlaka ..............................................................................................146.7.
 
OdreĊivanje komponente
 
» ∆H «
....................................................................................146.8.
 
Metoda aliniranja ..............................................................................................................15
7.
 
VRSTE GEODETSKIH INSTRUMENATA ..........................................................................167.1.
 
Vrste libela .........................................................................................................................167.1.1.
 
Cijevna libela .........................................................................................................167.1.2.
 
Dozna ili kružna libela
..........................................................................................177.1.3.
 
Posebne konstrukcije libela ..................................................................................177.2.
 
Vrste teodolita ....................................................................................................................177.2.1.
 
Karakteristike osi teodolita ..................................................................................187.2.2.
 
Prisilno centriranje ...............................................................................................187.2.3.
 
Centriranje teodolita .............................................................................................197.3.
 
Viziranje .............................................................................................................................197.4.
 
UreĊaji za oĉitavanj
e krugova .........................................................................................197.5.
 
UreĊaj za automatsku stabilizaciju indeksa
...................................................................217.6.
 
Fotografska i fotoelektriĉna registracija
.........................................................................227.7.
 
Posebne konstrukcije i dodaci teodolitu ..........................................................................237.7.1.
 
Laserski teodolit .....................................................................................................23
 
3
7.8.
 
Giroteodolit ........................................................................................................................237.9.
 
Teodolit s autokolimacijskim okularom ..........................................................................247.10.
 
Busola ...............................................................................................................................257.10.1.
 
Optiĉki visak 
..........................................................................................................257.10.2.
 
Laserski optiĉki visak 
............................................................................................267.11.
 
Instrumenti za alinjiranje s durbinom ..........................................................................267.12.
 
Instrumenti za mjerenje visinskih razlika ....................................................................267.12.1.
 
Nivelir .....................................................................................................................267.12.2.
 
Optiĉki kompenzator
.............................................................................................277.12.3.
 
Mjerne letve nivelira .............................................................................................297.13.
 
Instrumenti s rotirajućom laserskom zrakom
..............................................................307.14.
 
Tehniĉka rješenja
............................................................................................................307.15.
 
Tehimetri ..........................................................................................................................317.15.1.
 
Elektroniĉki tehimetri
...........................................................................................317.15.2.
 
Komb
inirani elektroniĉki tahimetri
......................................................................317.15.3.
 
Integrirani tahimetri .............................................................................................33
8.
 
ZAKLJUĈAK 
..................................................................................................................................34
9.
 
POPIS LITERATURE ...................................................................................................................35
10.
 
POPIS SLIKA ..................................................................................................................................36

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