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Table Of Contents

SERIES CIRCUIT MINERAL INSULATED (MI) CABLES
PARALLEL CIRCUIT HEATING CABLES (CONSTANT WATT OUTPUT)
SELF-REGULATING HEATING CABLE
SKIN EFFECT HEAT TRACING
SELECTION & SIZING OF APPROPRIATE ELECTRIC TRACER
TEMPERATURE CONTROL & SAFETY
Ambient Air Sensing Control:
Pipe Sensing Control:
Power Supply
Over-current & Earth Leakage Protection
Electric Tracing - Installation
Electric Heat Trace of Pipe
Electric Heat Trace of Tank
Electric Tracing - Good Practices
SECTION – 2: OVERVIEW OF STEAM HEAT TRACING
Types of Steam Heat Tracing Systems
EXTERNAL TUBE TRACERS
CEMENTED TRACERS
JACKETED PIPING
Product line size Jacket size Steam connection
STEAM TRACING DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
Typical Steam Tracing System (Figure Source: Thermon)
Tracer Materials
Steam Pressure
Tracer Size, Length and Configuration
Size of Tracer
Maximum Length of Tracer (ft)
Determining the Number of Required Tracers
Steam Manifold Size* Number of ½” Tracers
Condensate Return System
Steam Trapping
Number of ½” Tracers Condensate Manifold Size
Steam Traps
Temperature Control
STEAM TRACING INSTALLTION TIPS
Distance between Traps (External Tracers); Fig. Source: Spirax Sarco
Distance between Traps (Jacket Pipe); Fig. Source: Spirax Sarco
Potential Steam Tracing Failures
Safety Considerations
SECTION - 3: ESTIMATING HEAT TRACE REQUIREMENTS
Heat Loss
Empirical Method of Estimating Heat Loss
Parameters Data
STEP 1 – Determine the application ∆T
STEP 2 – Determine the application heat loss (Watts per foot, W/ft)
Heat Loss for Insulated Pipes (Watts per sq-foot)
STEP 3 – Adjust the heat loss by applying insulation factor
Thermal Insulation Adjustment Factors
Insulation Type Insulation K Factor Adjustment Factor
STEP 4 – Adjust for indoor/outdoor applications
STEP 5 – Add Safety Factor
STEP 6 – Add Allowance for Valves
Adjustment Factors for Valves
Type of Valve Heat Loss Factor
STEP 7 - Add Allowance for Pipe Supports
EXAMPLE
Solution
Total heat losses from piping System
SELECT CABLE TYPE AND OUTPUT RATING
/ (Q*L2 )
Quantifying the Circuits
SECTION – 4: SELECTION CRITERIA FOR TRACING SYSTEMS
FACTORS AFFECTING THE SELECTION OF HEAT TRACING SOLUTION
Process Evaluation
Availability and Costs
Hazard Classification
What is “T” Rating?
Division T-rating Temperature (ºC/ ºF) Zone T-rating
Environmental Considerations
Heater Reliability
PROS & CONS
Factors Favoring Electric Tracing
Factors against Electric Tracing
Factors Favoring Steam Tracing
Factors against Steam Tracing
Conclusion
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Published by: staryklt on Jan 17, 2013
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07/29/2014

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