loriculure were he op six agriculure commodiies in hesae.
(See Figure 1.) Overall, arming, agriculure and oodproducion suppor housands o jobs across he sae, rangingrom ourism o ood processing.
Ways Fracking ThreatensNew York Farms That Supplythe U.S. Northeast With Fresh,Locally Grown Food and Milk
A Penn Sae Exension sudy ound ha among Pennsylvaniacounies wih a leas 10,000 dairy cows, counies ha hada leas 150 Marcellus shale wells experienced a 16 percenaverage decline in dairy cows beween 2007 and 2010,compared o a 3 percen
experienced in counieswihou shale gas wells.
On average, he counies wih aleas 150 Marcellus wells endured an 18.5 percen decreasein milk producion, while producion in counies wih noshale drilling increased.
As Timohy Kelsey, he proessoro agriculural economics who led he research, noed, “… i’simporan o undersand he implicaions o Marcellus Shaledevelopmen on arming.”
Fracking Pollution Travels
Conaminaion is no jus an on-sie problem, and racking’srisks exend beyond he drilling sies. Trafic accidens, spills,well blowous and leaks can all pu arms and agriculuralland in jeopardy. Flees o rucks are used o ship hazardouswasewaer and oxic maerials. Trafic accidens have causedracking wasewaer o be released ino nearby reshwaerbodies and privae propery.
Such accidens also could posea hrea o nearby armland. In New York, i is esimaed hai he sae allows shale gas developmen, each well wouldrequire 3,950 oal rips o heavy rucks and 2,840 rips o lighrucks.
In Tioga Couny, Pennsylvania, in 2010, a racking wasewaersorage pond leaked and spilled ino a pasure where 28 catlewere grazing.
Eigh o he 11 calves born he ollowing springrom he herd were sillborn or were born so weak ha heydid no survive.
In 2011, a well blowou in Bradord Couny,Pennsylvania, conaminaed adjacen sreams and armlandwih housands o gallons o drilling luids.
Exposure oracking luids can be lehal o livesock. A 2012 sudy ideni-ied an inciden where 17 cows died wihin an hour o direcexposure o racking luids.
Competition for Resources
In addiion o waer conaminaion, and because i akesmillions o gallons o waer o rack a single shale gas well,
widespread shale developmen could compee wih agriculureor increasingly limied waer supplies.
As rucking demands increase o accommodae rackingoperaions, commodiy rucking raes or agriculure couldincrease,
and he growing presence o he oil and gasindusry could disadvanage armers. In Pennsylvania, manyruckers have gone o work or he indusry; as a resul, dairy
MilkCorn GrainCorn SilageHayApplesFloricultureCattle & CalvesSoybeansFresh CabbageFresh Sweet CornPotatoesGrapesEggsSummer OnionsWheatFresh Snap BeansSquashPumpkinsOther
New York State’s Leading Agricultural Commodities by Market Value in 2010