Improve data accessibility and responsiveness.-
Improve maintenance through data independence.-
Improve backup and recovery service.There are some disadvantages
Complexity, Size, Cost of DBMSs, Additional H/W costs.-
Cost of conversion, Performance, Higher impact of failure.I will not discuss more about DBMS. Because some time Company will ask thedifference between DBMS and RDBMS (Oracle). I will give the answer for thesame in later.What is Oracle?Oracle is RDBMS (Relational Database Management System). RelationalDatabase, data stores in a form of Row and Column in Table. A table iscategory of data like employee and column have information about data like
What is the system architecture of oracle?In this section we learn the basic term of oracle, which are commonly used inoracle.In oracle database : database is a collection of data file and programs thatmanipulate those data files.Two type of data we can able to store in database:I.
User data : it is related to particular application.II.
System data : It is required to manage database itself.Component of Database:1.
Database File : It consist of physical storage of data. That means datawill store in hard disk. In oracle database we can make one o moredatabase file. These file contain data, which is accessible by SQL(Structured Query language). A file can be associated with one and onlyone logical file (Tablespace). When we create any database it consists of one and only one physical storage or physical file and one logical file.Logical file have information about data and index.Note: By default we can able to open 32 files at a time.2.
Control File : Physical architecture of databases are controlled bycontrol file. It is a binary file that is used to store physical information of database. Control file includes:
The database name.
Name and location of associate datafiles.
Timestamp of creation of database file.
Current log sequence number.
Checkpoint information.The control file automatically created by oracle at the time of creation of
database. User can’t edit control file. With
out it oracle can not functioning.