Male Sexual Assault 3
The current literature on sexual assault is overwhelmingly focused on men as theperpetrators of sexual violence and on women as their victims. Certainly this is due to the factthat the majority of perpetrators are male (Kia-Keating, Sorsoli, & Grossman, 2009). However,sexual violence perpetrated against men by both male and female perpetrators occurs with morefrequency than previously acknowledged by either clinical literature, or by society at large (Light& Monk-Turner, 2009). Only recently has society begun to acknowledge that men can be victimsof sexual assault. It is currently estimated that men are the victims of sexual assault or rape inapproximately 5-10 percent of reported cases every year (Light & Monk-Turner, 2009).However, these figures should be interpreted with caution, since not surprisingly, men are lesslikely than women to report being the victims of sexual violence (Light & Monk Turner, 2009).
Common Reactions to Sexual Assault
Over the past few decades, the traumatic impact of sexual assault in general has been welldocumented by clinicians and researchers alike, but male victims have not received the sameamount of attention as female victims (Grossman, Sorsoli & Kia-Keating, 2006). Regardless of gender, several reactions to sexual assault appear to be common. Victims experience shame,guilt, fear of intimacy and physical contact with others, and may become triggered by previouslyneutral stimuli they associate with the event, such as physical places or sounds. Shame and guiltoften prevent survivors from reporting the trauma in a timely manner that would allow forprosecution of the perpetrator (Rumney, 2008). Many victims report that law enforcementofficials are untrained in interviewing victims of sexual violence and that they feel that lawenforcement does not believe them. Law enforcement personnel report that they are not trainedon how to handle cases involving male victimization (Rumney, 2008). Long-term physical and