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PTSC MC-Piping Design Training-Basic Piping-LATEST

PTSC MC-Piping Design Training-Basic Piping-LATEST

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Published by Nguyen Anh Tung
PTSC MC-Piping Design Training-Basic Piping-LATEST
PTSC MC-Piping Design Training-Basic Piping-LATEST

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Nguyen Anh Tung on Jan 18, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Prepared by F. P. Palomillo
DEFINITION AND DETAILS OF PIPESNOMINAL PIPE SIZENominal Pipe Size (NPS) is a North American set of standard sizes for pipes used for high orlow pressures and temperatures. The name NPS is based on the earlier "Iron Pipe Size" (IPS)system.That IPS system was established to designate the pipe size. The size represented the approximateinside diameter of the pipe in inches. An IPS 6" pipe is one whose inside diameter isapproximately 6 inches. Users started to call the pipe as 2inch, 4inch, 6inch pipe and so on. Tobegin, each pipe size was produced to have one thickness, which later was termed as standard(STD) or standard weight (STD.WT.). The outside diameter of the pipe was standardized.As the industrial requirements handling higher pressure fluids, pipes were manufactured withthicker walls, which has become known as an extra strong (XS) or extra heavy (XH). The higherpressure requirements increased further, with thicker wall pipes. Accordingly, pipes were madewith double extra strong (XXS) or double extra heavy (XXH) walls, while the standardizedoutside diameters are unchanged. Note that on this website only terms XS and XXS are used.The NPS is very loosely related to the inside diameter in inches, and NPS 12 and smaller pipehas outside diameter greater than the size designator. For NPS 14 and larger, the NPS is equal to14inch.For a given NPS, the outside diameter stays constant and the wall thickness increases with largerschedule number. The inside diameter will depend upon the pipe wall thickness specified by theschedule number.Summary:Pipe size is specified with two non-dimensional numbers,nominal pipe size (NPS)schedule number (SCH)EXAMPLES OF ACTUAL INSIDE AND OUTSIDE DIAMETERSActual outside diameters
NPS 1 actual O.D. = 1.5/16" (33.4 mm)
NPS 2 actual O.D. = 2.3/8" (60.3 mm)
NPS 3 actual O.D. = 3½" (99.9 mm)
NPS 4 actual O.D. = 4.1/2" (114.3 mm)
NPS 12 actual O.D. = 12.3/4" (323.9 mm)
NPS 14 actual O.D. = 14" (355.6 mm)Below you will find an example of the true inside diameters of a 1 inch pipe.
NPS 1-SCH 40 = O.D.33,4 mm - WT 3,38 mm - I.D. 26,64 mm
NPS 1-SCH 80 = O.D.33,4 mm - WT. 4,55 mm - I.D. 24,30 mm
NPS 1-SCH 160 = O.D.33,4 mm - WT 6,35 mm - I.D. 20,70 mmNPS ½ ¾ 1 2 3 4DN 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 100
Prepared by F. P. Palomillo
PIPE SCHEDULESThis is a number system setup byANSIandASMEfor the purpose of standardization to designate the size of a pipe. Pipe sizes are normally referred to as nominal pipe size (NPS). Forpipe sizes from 1/8" thru 12" (nominal inside diameter), 14" and larger (actual outside diameter).The larger the schedule number the larger the pipe size. The 1/8" thru 12" diameters differ fromthe actual inside diameter.
Schedule STD 40- Standard Weight
Schedule XH 80- Extra Strong/Extra Heavy
Schedule XXH 160- Double Extra Strong/Double Extra Heavy
Wall Thickness of Stainless Steel Pipe
Schedule 80SMATERIAL TYPESASTM GRADESDimensions from carbon steel pipes are defined in the ASME B31.10M standard, dimensions forstainless steel pipe are defined in the ASME B31.19M standard. The material qualities for thesepipes are defined in the ASTM standards.These ASTM standards, define the specific manufacturing process of the material and determinethe exact chemical composition of pipes, fittings and flanges, through percentages of thepermitted quantities of carbon, magnesium, nickel, et cetera, and are indicated by "Grade".For example, a carbon steel pipe can be identified with Grade A or B, a stainless-steel pipe withGrade TP304 or Grade TP321 et cetera.Below you will find as an example a table with chemical requirements for pipe according to
Prepared by F. P. Palomillo
ASTM A106 Grade A,B,C, and a table with frequent Grades, arranged on pipe and pipe-components, which belong together as a group.As you may be have noted, in the table below, ASTM A105 has no Grade. Sometimes ASTMA105N is described;"N" stands not for Grade, but for normalized. Normalizing is a type of heat treatment, applicableto ferrous metals only. The purpose of normalizing is to remove the internal stresses induced byheat treating, casting, forming et cetera.Chemical requirements composition, %Grade F304 (A) Grade F304L (A) Grade F316L (A)Carbon, max 0.08 0.035 0.035Manganese, max 2.00 2.00 2.00Phosphorus, max 0.045 0.045 0.045Sulfur, max 0.030 0.030 0.030Silicon, max 1.00 1.00 1.00Nickel 8 - 11 8 - 13 10 - 15Chrome 18 - 20 18 - 20 16 - 18Molybdenum - - 2.00-3.00(A) Nitrogen 0.10% max.ASTM GradesMaterial Pipes Fittings Flanges Valves Bolts & NutsCarbon Steel A106 Gr A A234 Gr WPA A105 A216 Gr WCB A193 Gr B7A194 Gr 2HA106 Gr B A234 Gr WPB A105 A216 Gr WCBA106 Gr C A234 Gr WPC A105 A216 Gr WCBCarbon SteelAlloyHigh-TempA335 Gr P1 A234 Gr WP1 A182 Gr F1 A217 Gr WC1 A193 Gr B7A194 Gr 2HA335 Gr P11 A234 Gr WP11 A182 Gr F11 A217 Gr WC6A335 Gr P12 A234 Gr WP12 A182 Gr F12 A217 Gr WC6A335 Gr P22 A234 Gr WP22 A182 Gr F22 A217 Gr WC9A335 Gr P5 A234 Gr WP5 A182 Gr F5 A217 Gr C5A335 Gr P9 A234 Gr WP9 A182 Gr F9 A217 Gr C12Carbon SteelAlloyLow-TempA333 Gr 5 A420 Gr WPL6 A350 Gr LF2 A352 Gr LCB A320 Gr L7A194 Gr 7A333 Gr 3 A420 Gr WPL3 A350 Gr LF3 A352 Gr LC3

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