MILITARY FUSION CENTRE PRESENTS
15 January 2013
. Armed attacks dropped totheir lowest levels since 2002, especially in the east of the country, locations usually described as the “traditional strongholds of ter-rorism”. Security operations succeeded in eliminating key figures of al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and thwarted severalterrorist plots over the year. The country’s counter
terrorism agencies killed 161 militants and captured 309 others in 2012. Duringthe past year, the country experienced a total of 65 attacks, primarily in Boumerdès, Tizi Ouzou, Bouira and Béjaïa regions. The re-duced security threat has been attributed to the “pressure exerted by the security services on the strongholds of armed groups”.Algeria allowed France to use its airspace and remains ready to close its Malian border in order toassist France in its military opera-
tion against the Islamist rebels in Mali, reports
. French Minister of Foreign Affairs Laurent Fabius said: “We talk regularlywith Algeria. I must underline our collaboration, and what we envisage
although it’s not for today
is that if the African troopsmove to the north, the Algerians would have to close their border”. Algeria has a 2,000 km (1,242 mile) border with Mali and re-mains concerned that a military offensive could push the Islamist militants into Algeria and trigger a refugee crisis if Malian Tuaregsseek refuge in the country.Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs Mourad Medelci reassured parliament that Algeria does not have aland border problem with
Morocco, during a parliamentary session on 08 January, in which a maritime border agreement with Tunisia was ratified, reports
. Medelci also said “[t]he two countries could open in the future, the issue of maritime borders”. However, he did notmention the possibility of re
opening the borders between Algeria and Morocco, which have been closed since 1994. Medelci saidthe agreement would strengthen Algeria
Tunisia relations, and added that other countries such as Libya, Morocco, Spain, and Italymay be included in the agreement in the future.
Mubarak was arrested in June 2011 after at least 850 people were killed during the revolution, in which the long serving dictator was over-thrown. Mubarak will also be retried on corruption charges, after an earlier acquittal was overturned. Four other Mubarak
era offi-cials, including his two sons, Gamal and Alaa, also face retrials on charges of corruption. No date was set for the retrials.TheCoptic Church in Egypt reports that tens of thousands of Copts are leaving the country, according to
, emigratingto the United States and other countries, seeking the safety and freedom that they fear is disappearing in their own country. Follow-ing the Egyptian revolution and the subsequent rise in power of Islamist parties, Christians remain uncertain amid the increasingcalls for the implementation of Sharia law. While receiving support and solidarity with many liberal Muslim parties, the increasing power of the Muslim Brotherhood and ultra
conservative Salafist parties makes Christians apprehensive about their future in Egypt.The number of Christians in the country is estimated to be between six to eight million, most of whom are poor and will not be ableto emigrate.
The Minister of Interior Mohamed Ibrahim promised to ensure appropriate security for the planned25 January protests marking the
second anniversary of the 2011 revolution. As preparations are finalised, Ibrahim pledged that security forces will differentiate be-tween peaceful protesters, and those carrying out violent acts, promising to “strike with an iron fist whoever tries to terrify citizens”.Furthermore, the Minister promised to increase security to protect all important institutions within the country.
Unidentifiedgunmen attacked the Italian consul’s convoy in Benghazi on 12 January,
. The attack took place as the Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan metwith the Algerian and Tunisian Prime Ministers to discuss border security issues and the passage of armed militants and weapons through their shared borders. The Italian con-sul, who was riding in an armoured vehicle, was not injured during the incident.
Daily News Egypt
. The Egyptians were imprisoned in Misrata until 12 January atwhich point the Egyptian embassy organised their transport back to Egypt. The deporta-tions followed the release of a report about Egyptian labourers in Libya, which was re-ceived by the Libyan Minister of Labour Khaled Al
Azhari, detailing the situation in the