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A - Z.Of.Digital.Photography

# A - Z.Of.Digital.Photography

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A - Z.Of.Digital.Photography
A - Z.Of.Digital.Photography

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03/17/2014

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T H E V I S I B L E D I F F E R E N C E
OFDIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY
A-Z

23
T H E A T O Z O F D I G I TA L P H O T O G R A P H
Algorithm Aliasing Altavista Analog
A set of processing or working instruc-tions that, because of their high preci-sion, can be carried out independentlyby a mechanical or electronic device. Algorithms are, for example, the setrules for addition and subtraction etc.However, they are also the instructionsthat are established in a programminglanguage. Algorithms simply allow thecomputer to solve particular problems.In image editing, algorithms are used toalter images, e.g. 3 D Cubic Algorithm.
TruePic)Pixel-shaped curves on the diagonaledges of objects. This can sometimesoccur since all graphics consist of indi-vidual
pixels. Anti-aliasing reducesthis unwelcome effect by recalculatingthe contrast values of the neighbouringpixels and matching them up with eachother.Well-known
search engine in the
internet.Opposite of
digital. Analog data merges continuously intoeach other without clearly defined steps(e.g. the colours of a rainbow arenot obviously separable from oneanother).
A
Mains adapter.Enables the connection of the digitalcamera to the mains electricity supply.
A
nalog-
D
igital
C
A
nalog-
D
igital conversion.In order to process an
analog signal(e.g. a photo) in a computer, it must firstbe digitised (converted into a specificmathematical format of binary code).Pictures are usually digitised with thehelp of a digital camera or a scanner.Describes a colour system that is basedupon the addition of the three additiveprimary colours (red, green, and blue).For example, colour televisions and com-puter monitor displays use the principleof additive colour mixing.
Extension to a program such as Excelor Word that increases the availablefunctions. These add-ons/add-ins aredeveloped and distributed by the respec-tive software company or other firms.
A
utomatic
e
xposure.
A-Z

45
T H E A T O Z O F D I G I TA L P H O T O G R A P H
AT ATA-Flash-Cards Autofocus (AF)
ever, not for umlauts) enables the cor-rect data transfer between software andhardware. The ASCII-code employs thefirst seven
bits of a
byte. The first32 symbols are used as control sym-bols, e.g. to control a printer.
AT A
ttachment.
Interface for
harddrives.Space-saving integrated
plug-inmemory cards. Automatic focus adjustment. There arebasically two main AF methods: thefocus detecting method, or passive autofocus usually employs a CCD andworks by evaluating the amount of con-trast or the phase difference in a scene.Distance metering or active autofocusutilises an (infrared) light emitter and re-ceiver in a triangular surveying system. Alternatively, the camera uses ultra-sound (sonar) and measures the timetaken for the sound signal to return.This data is converted by a micropro-cessor into information about distanceand thereby enables the automaticfocusing of the lens.
Aperture AppleTalk  APS Aqua Case ASCII
Mechanism behind the lens that controlsthe amount of light entering the camera.The aperture not only influences picturebrightness but also regulates
depth offocus. Most cameras are equipped withan iris aperture that can be freely ad- justed or set according to pre-selectedvalues. A network protocol used by Macintoshcomputers.
A
dvanced
P
hoto
S
ystem. Developedtogether by five companies, this filmsystem is distinguished by simple opera-tion, a new picture format (16 x 30 mm)as well as a choice of three picture for-mats. Additional information (such asexposure, aperture and date) can berecorded on the magnetic strip of the APS film. However, APS is not digitalphotography.Waterproof plastic casing for
OLYMPUS
CAMEDIA digitalcameras.
A
merican
S
tandard
C
ode for
I
nformation
I
nterchange.The commonly used
binary code for atotal of 128 symbols (letters, numbers,punctuation and special symbols, how-
A-Z