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White Paper 16 - Quantitative Efficiency Analysis of Power Distribution Configurations for Data Centers

White Paper 16 - Quantitative Efficiency Analysis of Power Distribution Configurations for Data Centers

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Published by Rich Hintz
in-depth efficiency analysis of minimalist, non-redundant, highly optimized implementations of the same power distribution configurations as the Green Grid's qualitative analysis
in-depth efficiency analysis of minimalist, non-redundant, highly optimized implementations of the same power distribution configurations as the Green Grid's qualitative analysis

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Published by: Rich Hintz on Feb 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/14/2009

 
QUANTITATIVEEFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OFPOWER DISTRIBUTIONCONFIGURATIONS FOR DATACENTERS
WHITE PAPER #16
©2008 The Green Grid. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be used, reproduced, photocopied, transmitted or stored in any retrieval system of any nature,without the written permission of the copyright owner. Version 1.0 Release Date: 1 December 2008
 
©2008 The Green Grid. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be used, reproduced, photocopied, transmitted or stored in any retrieval system of any nature,without the written permission of the copyright owner. Version 1.0 Release Date: 1 December 2008
PAGE 2
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 
This analysis builds on the previously released “Qualitative Analysis of Power Distribution Con
gurations For DataCenters.” It takes a quantitative look at one aspect of the previous paper -- ef 
ciency.This paper studies the end-to-end ef 
ciency of eight simpli
ed, non-redundant data center power distributioncon
gurations. The data shows that a data center with optimized implementations of all of the topologies achieveapproximately 25% higher ef 
ciency than a typical data center of 10 years ago, delivering between 85% and 90%end-to-end ef 
ciency over a wide load range. The highest ef 
ciency AC and DC con
gurations are within 1% to 2%of each other and are only 2% to 3% better than double conversion 480Vac – 208Vac over the majority of the loadrange. No single con
guration provides the highest ef 
ciency at every load.
 
©2008 The Green Grid. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be used, reproduced, photocopied, transmitted or stored in any retrieval system of any nature,without the written permission of the copyright owner. Version 1.0 Release Date: 1 December 2008
PAGE 3
Contemporary vs. Legacy Power Distribution Efficiencies
50%55%60%65%70%75%80%85%90%95%100%0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%
Load
      E      f      f      i     c      i     e     n     c     y
Legacy 480Vac - 208VacDouble Conversion 480Vac - 208VacLine Interactive 480Vac - 208VacDouble Conversion 600Vac - 208VacLine Interactive 600Vac - 208VacDouble Conversion 480Vac - 240VacLine Interactive 480Vac - 240VacDouble Conversion 480Vac - 277VacLine Interactive 480Vac - 277Vac 480Vac - 48Vdc480Vac - 380Vdc480Vac - 575Vdc - 48Vdc
FIGURE 1. END-TO-END EFFICIENCY COMPARISON OF ALL CONFIGURATIONS
Contemporary Power Distribution Efficiencies
83%84%85%86%87%88%89%90%91%0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%
Load
      E      f      f      i     c      i     e     n     c     y
Double Conversion 480Vac - 208VacLine Interactive 480Vac - 208VacDouble Conversion 600Vac - 208VacLine Interactive 600Vac - 208VacDouble Conversion 480Vac - 277VacLine Interactive 480Vac - 277Vac Double Conversion 480Vac - 240VacLine Interactive 480Vac - 240Vac480Vac - 48Vdc480Vac - 575Vdc - 48Vdc480Vac - 380Vdc
FIGURE 2. END-TO-END EFFICIENCY COMPARISON, EXCLUDING LEGACY 480VAC – 208VAC

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