Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Coffee

The Coffee

Ratings:
(0)
|Views: 1|Likes:
Published by zarocsy

More info:

Published by: zarocsy on Jan 19, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/19/2013

pdf

text

original

 
The Coffee - Short History
The history and development of the beverage that we know as coffee is varied andinteresting, involving chance occurrences, political intrigue, and the pursuit of wealth and power.According to one story the effect of coffee beans on behavior was noticed by a sheepherder named Kaldi as he tended his sheep. He noticed that the sheep became hyper-active after eating the red "cherries" from a certain plant when they changed pastures. He tried a few himself,and was soon as overactive as his herd. The story relates that a monk happened by and scolded himfor "partaking of the devil's fruit." However the monks soon discovered that this fruit from the shinygreen plant could help them stay awake for their prayers.Another legend gives us the name for coffee or "mocha". An Arabian was banished tothe desert with his followers to die of starvation. In desperation, Omar had his friends boil and eatthe fruit from an unknown plant. Their survival was taken as a religious sign by the residents of thenearest town, Mocha. The plant and its beverage were named Mocha to honor this event.One early use for coffee would have little appeal today. The Galla tribe from Ethiopiaused coffee, but not as a drink. They would wrap the beans in animal fat as their only source of nutrition while on raiding parties. The Turks were the first country to adopt it as a drink, oftenadding spices such as clove, cinnamon, cardamom and anise to the brew.Coffee was introduced much later to countries beyond Arabia whose inhabitants believed it to be a delicacy and guarded its secret as if they were top secret military plans.Transportation of the plant out of the Moslem nations was forbidden by the government. The actualspread of coffee was started illegally. One Arab named Baba Budan smuggled beans to somemountains near Mysore, India and started a farm there. Early in this century the descendants of those original plan were found still growing fruitfully in the region.Coffee was believed by some Christians to be the devil's drink. Pope Vincent III heardthis and decided to taste it before he banished it. He enjoyed it so much he baptized it, saying"coffee is so delicious it would be a pity to let the infidels have exclusive use of it."Coffee today is grown and enjoyed worldwide, and is one of the few crops that smallfarmers in third-world countries can profitably export.
Coffee Timeline
:
> 5 AD The coffee was discovered inEthiopia.
700-1000 Coffee was first known by theArabsas an energy drink . The spread of coffee wasstarted simultaneously with the spread of Islam.
1000Ibn Sinainvestigated the chemical substance of coffee.
1400 The spread of coffee and coffee shops rapidly in the Arabian peninsula, especiallyMecca andMedina.
1453 Coffee was introduced in Constantinople by the Turks (Ottoman Caliphate). Coffee shopwhich was first recorded there, namedKiva Han, which opened in1475.
 
1600Pope Clement VIII,confirmed to consider that the 'coffee culture' is a heresy, 'foreignculture' that can threaten the (infidel) and therefore sinful for those who drink it. But then heallowed if the 'coffee' into the (alternative) from the food / beverages are kosher eaten by aChristian. In that year, the coffee was brought from Mekkah toIndia(Asia Minor)by a man named Baba Budan when pilgrims return from Mekkah ..
1645 The first coffee shop opened inVenice,Italy.
1650 The first coffee shop opened in Christian countries (Christendom) precisely in theOxford.
1668 Coffee began to be known in North America.
1690: With a coffee plant smuggled out of the Arab port of Mocha, the Dutch become the first totransport and cultivate coffee commercially, in Ceylon and in their East Indian colony - Java,source of the brew's nickname
.
1727 Francisco de Ello brings coffee beans from France for planting in Brazil.
1904 espresso machine made modern by Fernando Milly.
1906 Brazil raises coffee prices after creating the price (exchange rate) fixed for the commoditycoffee.
1910 Germany makes decaf coffee (caffeine in coffee substance reduction to a minimum), Danwas introduced to America by the name Dekafa.
1920 coffee shop 'new' booming in America.
1927 espresso coffee machines were first introduced in America. The first coffee shop wearing'La Pavoni' in New York. Machine is specially designed by renowned Italian architect Gio Ponti.
1938 Cremonesi: a piston pump that can spray hot water with high speed to brew coffee.
1938 Nestle find instant coffee in Brazil, Nestle until now the largest producer of instant coffeein the world.
1939-1945 U.S. forces bring instant coffee in the war and introduce it to the world.
1942 People begin hoarding coffee due to wartime shortages. In England at this time coffee isrationed.
1946 Gaggia Factory produces commercial cappuccino machine for the first time. The wordcappuccino comes from the color of CapucinCoat.
1971Starbuck Outlet first opened inSeattle.
1973 Fair Trade Coffee was first imported toEuropefromGuatemala.
1989 International Coffee Agreement fails to stabilize prices. In the history of the coffee tradedown to its lowest level.
1990 Some coffee shops close due to the arrangement of space (redevelopment) in the UK.Introduced organic coffee that are excellent in the world coffee market.
1998 Starbucks reach 2000 Outlets in the U.S. and 5,715 outlets worldwide. Starbucks positioned itself as a coffee shop with the largest network worldwide.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->