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Heritage and a Conservation Fund- Working Together to Help Save the Ifugao Rice Terraces

Heritage and a Conservation Fund- Working Together to Help Save the Ifugao Rice Terraces

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Published by eulalie_d8617
While UNESCO has declared the Ifugao rice terraces as a World Heritage Site, it has also enlisted it as endangered. This study assesses the conservation that UNESCO advocated
for the Ifugao Rice Terraces and how the different stakeholders could contribute towards the restoration and maintenance of the rice terraces. The findings from literature reveal
that UNESCO needs to consider the indigenous approach to conservation, looking not only at the terraces but at the whole landscape. Findings from a survey also reveal that tourists are willing to pay tourist fees to aid in the conservation. Grass-root level
stakeholders have the innate capacity for collective work which is the indigenous and traditional approach to rice culture which made the rice terraces survive through a thousand years. This study recommends a campaign for the return of the practice of collective work (baddang and ubbu). It also recommends that the Heritage Maintenance Fund be locally-based (at the barangay or village level) for the farmers and farmer
groups to easily access the fund for the maintenance of the rice terraces.
While UNESCO has declared the Ifugao rice terraces as a World Heritage Site, it has also enlisted it as endangered. This study assesses the conservation that UNESCO advocated
for the Ifugao Rice Terraces and how the different stakeholders could contribute towards the restoration and maintenance of the rice terraces. The findings from literature reveal
that UNESCO needs to consider the indigenous approach to conservation, looking not only at the terraces but at the whole landscape. Findings from a survey also reveal that tourists are willing to pay tourist fees to aid in the conservation. Grass-root level
stakeholders have the innate capacity for collective work which is the indigenous and traditional approach to rice culture which made the rice terraces survive through a thousand years. This study recommends a campaign for the return of the practice of collective work (baddang and ubbu). It also recommends that the Heritage Maintenance Fund be locally-based (at the barangay or village level) for the farmers and farmer
groups to easily access the fund for the maintenance of the rice terraces.

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Published by: eulalie_d8617 on Feb 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/30/2013

 
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Heritage Tourism and a Conservation Fund:
Working Together to Help Save the Ifugao RiceTerraces of the Philippines
MSc Thesis(Thesis code SAL-80433)
Submitted by 
Eulalie D. Dulnuan
Registration number 660901203040
Submitted to
Chair Group Socio-Spatial AnalysisDepartment of Environmental Sciences,Wageningen University and Research Centreand World Leisure InternationalCentre of Excellence (WICE)in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of M
ASTERS OF
S
CIENCE IN
L
EISURE
,
 
T
OURISM AND
E
NVIRONMENT
Supervisor: Dr. Leo van den BergSecond Examiner: Ir. Marlies W. van Hal
August 2007
Wageningen University and Research CentreThe Netherlands
 
 
 3
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Dulnuan, E. D. (2007)
 Heritage Tourism and a Conservation Fund: Working Together to Help Save the Ifugao Rice Terraces of the Philippines.
MSc thesis for the Socio-SpatialAnalysis Group, Wageningen University and Research Center, The Netherlands.While UNESCO has declared the Ifugao rice terraces as a World Heritage Site, it has alsoenlisted it as endangered. This study assesses the conservation that UNESCO advocatedfor the Ifugao Rice Terraces and how the different stakeholders could contribute towardsthe restoration and maintenance of the rice terraces. The findings from literature revealthat UNESCO needs to consider the indigenous approach to conservation, looking notonly at the terraces but at the whole landscape. Findings from a survey also reveal thattourists are willing to pay tourist fees to aid in the conservation. Grass-root levelstakeholders have the innate capacity for collective work which is the indigenous andtraditional approach to rice culture which made the rice terraces survive through athousand years. This study recommends a campaign for the return of the practice of collective work (
baddang 
and
ubbu
). It also recommends that the Heritage MaintenanceFund be locally-based (at the
barangay
or village level) for the farmers and farmer groups to easily access the fund for the maintenance of the rice terraces. Furthermore, itcalls for a coherent implementation of the collection of the tourist fees, starting with aninformation campaign to inform and educate the tourists and local residents on the valueand importance of the tourist fee and the Heritage Maintenance Fund. Finally, it endorsesthe use of matching funds (in terms of labour and materials) from the farmers and farmer groups before they could use the Heritage Maintenance Fund so as to remove a dole-outmentality and to spread the fund’s benefit to more area and more people.Key words: Conservation, heritage tourism, heritage maintenance fund, willingness-to- pay, tourist fee(s), Ifugao Rice Terraces

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