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Drive Test RF

Drive Test RF

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Published by João Ramos
Drive Test
Drive Test

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Published by: João Ramos on Jan 20, 2013
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12/01/2013

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1/9/13What and Why Drive Test in RF Network1/7www.teletopix.org/gsm/what-and-why-drive-test-in-rf-network
INTRODUCTION
 Predesign drive test for measurement integrationThis is at beginning of design when no site has been built or even selected. All test sites are temporary.Drive test is performed mostly for characterization of propagation and fading effects in the channel. Theobject is to collect field data to optimize and adjustthe prediction model for preliminary simulations.Post design drive test for site verification /
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optimizationDrive test is performed to verify if they meet thecoverage objectives.Overlaps are checked for hand-offs.In field measurement we have to collect variationsdue to propagation and slow fading.The received signals are typically sampled andaveraged over spatial windows called bins.There are several sampling issues to be consideredlike
 Sampling rate Averaging window Number of bins to be measured 
SAMPLING CRITEREA 
 When measuring the RF signal strength certainsampling criteria must be met to eliminate the short-term fading components from the long-termcomponent ( I.e. log normal fading )The RF signal strength measurements must betaken over a radio path or mobile path distanceinterval of 40l, where l is the wavelength of the RFsignal.If the distance interval is too short, the short term variation cannot be smoothed out and will affect thelocal mean.If the distance interval is too long, the averagedoutput cannot represent the local mean since it washes out the detailed signal changes due to theterrain variations.The number of RF measurements taken within the40l distance should be greater than 50.
 
1/9/13What and Why Drive Test in RF Network3/7www.teletopix.org/gsm/what-and-why-drive-test-in-rf-network
Depending on the speed of the vehicle during thedrive test, the sampling interval in time is selected.Measurements have to be stopped whenever the vehicle is not moving.If f = 1900MHZ, thenl = 3 * 108 / 1900 * 106=0.158 m40 l = 40 * 0.158= 6.32 m50 measurements must be recorded every 6.32m or1 measurement every 0.1264mThe conversion from sampling distance to mobile velocity can be done as followsminimum sampling rate ( per second ) = v / (0.1264m/sample)If velocity of vehicle is 50 kph thenSampling rate( per second ) = (50000/ 3600) /0.1264= 110 samples / secTEMS kit cannot be used for this purpose as it canreport RF signal strength measurements at amaximum rate of 1 sample per second
 WINDOW SIZE
In field measurements the interest is on localaverages of received signals.The size of averaging window has to be small enoughto capture slow variations due to shadowing andlarge enough to average out the fast variations due tomultipath. A typical range is 20 to 1500 m.The bin size is typically selected in 40l to 1500m, i.e.all measurements in this size square are averaged toone value.Normally the post processing tool takes care of averaging the collected data over different bins.
NUMBER OF BINS

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